August 2nd

The Senate passed, and President Barack Obama signed, legislation to avoid an unprecedented national default.
Defense of Marriage Act
Mattel recalled nearly a million Chinese-made toys from its Fisher-Price division that were found to have excessive amounts of lead.
Zhang Shuhong
Republicans nominated Texas Gov. George W. Bush for president and Dick Cheney for vice president at the party's convention in Philadelphia.
George W. Bush
Second Congo War Begins. The deadliest war in Africa, the war and its aftermath has killed an estimated 5.4 million people. The war started with a mutiny in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and soon involved 9 African nations. It lasted for 5 years.
Second Congo War
Invasion of Kuwait begins. In 2 days Iraqi forces had overrun Kuwaiti forces and Saddam Hussein declared Kuwait as the 19th province of Iraq. The invasion lasted for 7 months and ended after a UN-authorized coalition force led by the United States intervened.
Gulf War
A Delta Air Lines jumbo jet crashed while attempting to land at Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport, killing 137 people.
San Francisco International Airport
The Pentagon reported the first of two attacks on U.S. destroyers by North Vietnamese torpedo boats in the Gulf of Tonkin.
Gulf of Tonkin incident
The Arab Federation is dissolved. The short-lived federation of Jordan and Iraq was dissolved after King Faisal of Iraq was deposed and assasinated during the 14 July Revolution.
United Arab Republic
The Potsdam Conference which is convened to negotiate the terms of the end of WW II comes to an end. Representatives from the US, U.K., and Soviet Union participated in the conference.
Potsdam Agreement
PT-109, a Navy patrol torpedo boat commanded by Lt. John F. Kennedy, sank after being sheared in two by a Japanese destroyer off the Solomon Islands. Kennedy was credited with saving members of the crew.
Motor Torpedo Boat PT-109
Albert Einstein signed a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt urging creation of an atomic weapons research program.
Einstein–Szilárd letter
Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in America, essentially rendering marijuana and all its by-products illegal.
Marihuana Tax Act of 1937
German President Paul von Hindenburg died, paving the way for Adolf Hitler's complete takeover.
German presidential election, 1932
Warren G. Harding, the 29th president of the United States, died in San Francisco.
Warren G. Harding
The first Lincoln penny was issued.
Lincoln cent
Frontiersman "Wild Bill" Hickok was shot and killed while playing poker at a saloon in Deadwood in present-day South Dakota.
"Wild Bill" Hickok
World's first underground railway opened. The Tower Subway beneath river Thames in London opened its doors for passengers. The subway was closed within a few months because of bankruptcy. The tunnel is now used for utilities.
Timeline of the London Underground
Government of India transferred from East India Company to the British Crown.
Government of India Act 1858
Battle of Bad Axe, Wisconsin: 1,300 Illinois militia defeat Sauk & Fox Native Americans ending the Black Hawk War in the US.
Battle of Bad Axe
1st US census conducted, the population was 3,939,214 including 697,624 slaves.
1790 United States Census
Formal signing of the US Declaration of Independence by 56 people (date most accepted by modern historians).
United States Declaration of Independence
During the Second Punic War, Carthaginian forces led by Hannibal defeated the Roman army in the Battle of Cannae.
Battle of Cannae