August 3rd

2011
Former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak denied all charges against him as he went on trial for alleged corruption and complicity in the deaths of protesters who'd helped drive him from power.
Hosni Mubarak
2005
Coup in Mauritania. A military coup replaced long-time president Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya. Colonel Ely Ould Mohamed Vall took over the transitional government until elections were held in 2005.
2005 Mauritanian coup d'état
1994
Stephen G. Breyer was sworn in as a Supreme Court justice.
Stephen Breyer
1987
The Iran-Contra congressional hearings ended with none of the 29 witnesses tying President Ronald Reagan directly to the diversion of arms-sales profits to Nicaraguan rebels.
Daniel Ortega
1981
U.S. air traffic controllers went on strike, despite a warning from President Ronald Reagan that they would be fired.
Ronald Reagan
1972
U.S. Senate ratifies the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.
Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty
1960
Niger gains its independence from France. The West African country became a French colony in the early 20th century. Hamani Diori became the first president of the country.
Independence Day (Niger)
1958
The nuclear-powered submarmine Nautilus became the first vessel to cross the North Pole underwater.
USS Nautilus (SSN-571)
1949
The National Basketball Association was formed.
National Basketball Association
1948
Whittaker Chambers, a former Communist, publicly accused former State Department official Alger Hiss of having been part of a Communist underground, a charge Hiss denied.
Alger Hiss
1946
World's first theme park opens its doors in in Santa Claus, Indiana, USA. Santa Claus Land is now known as Holiday World & Splashin' Safari.
Holiday World & Splashin' Safari
1943
Gen. George S. Patton slapped a private at an army hospital in Sicily, accusing him of cowardice.
George S. Patton slapping incidents
1934
Adolf Hitler merges the offices of German Chancellor and President, declaring himself "Führer" (leader).
Führer
1923
Calvin Coolidge was sworn in as the 30th president of the United States, one day after President Warren G. Harding died of a heart attack.
Calvin Coolidge
1914
At the outbreak of World War I, British Foreign Secretary Edward Grey remarked: "The lamps are going out all over Europe; we shall not see them lit again in our lifetime.".
The lamps are going out
1900
Firestone Tire and Rubber Company is founded. The American tire company was founded by Harvey Samuel Firestone in Akron, Ohio. In 1988, the company was taken over by Japan's Bridgestone Corporation.
Firestone Tire and Rubber Company
1596
David Fabricius discovers light variation of Mira (1st variable star).
Mira
1492
Christopher Columbus sets sail on his first voyage with three ships, Santa María, Pinta and Niña from Palos de la Frontera, Spain for the "Indies".
Voyages of Christopher Columbus