August 16th

Wikileaks founder, Julian Assange is granted political asylum by Ecuador.
Julian Assange
China eclipsed Japan as the world's second biggest economy after three decades of blistering growth.
Michael Phelps won the 100-meter butterfly by a hundredth of a second for his seventh gold medal of the Beijing Olympics, tying Mark Spitz's 1972 record.
Michael Phelps
Jose Padilla, a U.S. citizen held for 3-1/2 years as an enemy combatant, was convicted in Miami of helping Islamic extremists and plotting overseas attacks. (He was sentenced to 17 years, four months in prison.).
Idi Amin, the former dictator of Uganda, died in Saudi Arabia.
Idi Amin
Terrorist mastermind Abu Nidal was found shot to death in Baghdad, Iraq.
Timeline of airliner bombing attacks
Delegates to the Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles nominated Vice President Al Gore for president.
2000 Democratic National Convention
Vice President George H.W. Bush tapped Indiana Sen. Dan Quayle to be his running mate on the Republican ticket.
Lynn Morley Martin
First Day of Harmonic Convergence. The largest worldwide meditation event lasted for 2 days and was organized by new-age author José Argüelles. The dates for the event were chosen because of their astrological significance – on these days the Sun, the Moon and 6 of the planets were aligned in a triangular position as seen from the Earth.
Harmonic Convergence
Elvis Presley died at Graceland, his Memphis,Tenn., home, from heart failure at age 42.
Elvis Presley
Algeria was admitted to the Arab League.
Member states of the Arab League
Cyprus Attains Freedom From the British. The mediterranean island country first came under British control in the early 20th century as a strategic British outpost. In 1925, it was formally added to the British Empire. the London and Zurich Agreements signed in February 1959 gave independence to Cyprus and set up a system of governance based on ethnicity.
Cyprus dispute
Adlai E. Stevenson was nominated for president at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago.
1956 Democratic National Convention
First Issue of Sports Illustrated Hits the Newsstands. The sports magazine which is famous for its annual swimsuit issue was not profitable for the first few years of its existence. The boost in spectator sports eventually helped it become successful.
Sports Illustrated
Baseball legend Babe Ruth died in New York City at age 53.
Babe Ruth
Direct Action Day: Widespread riots erupt in Calcutta between Muslims and Hindus over whether Pakistan should be a separate state, killing over 4,000 and leaving 100,000 homeless.
Noakhali riots
Puyi, the last Chinese Emperor and ruler of Manchukuo is captured by Soviet troops.
Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin was born in Brest-Litovsk in present-day Belarus.
Menachem Begin
Patent for Loop-the-Loop Roller Coaster is Awarded. The United States’ patent office awarded the patent for the loop-the-loop roller coaster to American inventor Edwin Prescott. First installed in Coney Island, New York, the roller coaster was able to carry only 4 people at a time.
Gravesend, Brooklyn
Gold first discovered in Klondike, found at Bonanza Creek, Alaska by George Carmack.
Klondike Gold Rush
T.E. Lawrence, the British soldier who gained fame as "Lawrence of Arabia," was born in Tremadoc, Wales.
The First Transatlantic Telegraph Message is sent. The message sent by Britain’s Queen Victoria to American President James Buchanan, read ‘Europe and America are united by telegraphic communication. Glory to God in the highest, on earth peace, goodwill to men.’ The cable, which cut down the time of communication between the two continents was successful only for a few months. Technical difficulties led to the cable being closed in October of 1858.
Transatlantic telegraph cable
The original Siamese twins, Eng and Chang, arrived in Boston.
Chang and Eng Bunker
The Revolutionary War battle of Bennington, Vt., won by American forces.
Battle of Bennington
Earliest boxing code of rules formulated in England (Jack Broughton).
Jack Broughton