August 22nd

2005
The last Jewish settlers left the Gaza Strip, ending decades of Israel's turbulent occupation.
Israel, Palestine, and the United Nations
2004
A version of Edvard Munch's painting The Scream was stolen in Norway. Another version had been stolen in 1994.
The Scream
2003
Alabama's chief justice, Roy Moore, was suspended for his refusal to obey a federal court order to remove his Ten Commandments monument from the rotunda of his courthouse.
Roy Moore
1992
On the second day of the Ruby Ridge siege in Idaho, an FBI sharpshooter killed Vicki Weaver, the wife of white separatist Randy Weaver.
Ruby Ridge
1989
Black Panther co-founder Huey P. Newton was shot to death in Oakland, Calif.
Huey P. Newton
1986
Kerr-McGee Corp. agreed to pay the estate of Karen Silkwood $1.38 million, settling a 10-year-old nuclear contamination lawsuit.
1972
President Richard Nixon was nominated for a second term of office by the Republican National Convention in Miami Beach.
Richard Nixon presidential campaign, 1968
1963
First Person to Enter Space Twice. The record was set by Joseph A. Walker, a United States Air Force Captain, and a fighter pilot while flying the X-15, an experimental hypersonic rocket-powered aircraft. The X-15 was a joint venture between the US Air Force and the NASA. Not only did Walker became the first person to enter space twice, he also was the first person to take a spaceflight to an altitude of 67 miles (108 kilometers) in the 12-minute long flight.
X-15 Flight 91
1962
France’s President Charles De Gaulle Survives an Assasination Attempt. The Organisation de l'armée secrète (OAS), a French far-right organization tried to machine gun Charles De Gaulle while he was riding to the airport with his wife. The assassination attempt was led by Jean-Marie Bastien-Thiry, an officer in the French Air Force. Bastien-Thiry and the OAS were unhappy about De Gaulle’s role in allowing Algeria’s independence. It is thought that the car De Gaulle was riding in, a Citroen DS 19, was partially responsible for saving his and his wife’s life. After being caught, Bastien-Thiry was the last person in France to be executed by a firing squad.
Jean Bastien-Thiry
1956
President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Vice President Richard M. Nixon were nominated for second terms by the Republican National Convention in San Francisco.
Presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower
1945
Vietnam conflict begins as Ho Chi Minh leads a successful coup.
War in Vietnam (1945–46)
1922
Irish Politician Michael Collins is Assassinated. A member and leader of Sinn Fein, a political party that advocated complete Irish independence from Britain, Collins was shot dead in an ambush. This was only a few months after he had been appointed as the Finance Minister of the Irish Free State.
Michael Collins (Irish leader)
1920
Science fiction writer Ray Bradbury was born in Waukegan, Ill.
Ray Bradbury
1910
Korea was annexed by Japan after five years as a protectorate.
Japan–Korea Treaty of 1910
1904
Chinese communist leader Deng Xiaoping was born in Sichuan province.
Deng Xiaoping
1902
President Theodore Roosevelt became the first U.S. chief executive to ride in an automobile, in Hartford, Conn.
October 1901
1893
Author, poet, critic and wit Dorothy Parker was born in West Bend, N.J.
List of people from Kansas
1864
First Geneva Convention adopted in Geneva "for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded in Armies in the Field".
First Geneva Convention
1851
The First America’s Cup is held. The cup is awarded to the winner of a race between sailing yachts. Thought to be the oldest international sporting trophy to be still awarded today the cup’s name was changed from Hundred Guinea Cup to America’s Cup after the name of the yacht that won the first race on this day. Led by Commodore John Cox Stevens, America participated in a 53 nautical mile race around the Isle of Wight in England.
America's Cup
1846
The United States annexed New Mexico.
Mexican–American War
1779
James Cook Lands on Possession Island. British explorer James Cook reached the island, which is off the northern coast of Queensland Australia, 2 years after he had set sail on the HMS Endeavour from Plymouth. James Cook named the area New South Wales and claimed it for the British Crown.
Possession Island (Queensland)
1775
King George III proclaimed the American colonies to be in open rebellion.
Proclamation of Rebellion
1642
The English Civil War began between supporters of King Charles I (Royalists or Cavaliers) and those of Oliver Cromwell (Roundheads).
English Civil War
1639
Madras (now Chennai), India, founded by the British East India Company on sliver of land bought from local Nayak rulers.
List of national capital city name etymologies
1485
Battle of Bosworth Field - Henry Tudor's forces defeat English King Richard III during last battle in the Wars of the Roses.
Battle of Bosworth Field