August 24th

Steve Jobs resigned as CEO of Apple Inc.
Steve Jobs
James Ford Seale, a reputed Ku Klux Klansman, was sentenced to three life terms for his role in the 1964 abduction and murder of two black teenagers in Mississippi.
James Ford Seale
Pluto is Declassified as a Planet. The International Astronomical Union (IAU) declassified Pluto as a planet and classified it as a dwarf planet. According to the IAU definition, a dwarf planet is neither a planet or a natural satellite. It is ‘a celestial object orbiting a star that is massive enough to be rounded by its own gravity but has not cleared its orbit of space debris’. Discovered in 1930 by American astronomer Clyde Tombaugh, Pluto is the largest but second-most massive dwarf planet in our solar system. The most massive dwarf planet orbiting our sun is Eris.
Hurricane Andrew hit Florida, causing record damage.
Hurricane Andrew
Ukraine gains its independence. The Eastern European country gained independence from the Soviet Union after a failed coup to remove Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev. The country’s parliament, the Verkhovna Rada, passed the Act of Declaration of Independence of Ukraine and put the decision out to the public as a referendum. August 24 is celebrated each year as Independence Day in Ukraine.
History of Ukraine
Baseball Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti banned Pete Rose from the game for gambling.
A. Bartlett Giamatti
Mark David Chapman was sentenced in New York to 20 years to life in prison for the murder of rock musician John Lennon.
Mark David Chapman
A bomb planted by anti-war extremists exploded at the University of Wisconsin's Army Math Research Center in Madison, killing a researcher.
Terrorism in the United States
France becomes the world's fifth thermonuclear power with a detonation on Mururoa Atoll in the South Pacific.
Canopus (nuclear test)
The Communist Control Act went into effect, virtually outlawing the Communist Party in the United States.
Communist Control Act of 1954
NATO is Established. The North Atlantic Treaty, which established the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), an intergovernmental military alliance, came into effect on this day. The Treaty, which was signed on April 4, 1949 in Washington DC, created a collective defense system, where an attack on one member is considered an attack on all the other signatories. Initially, the treaty was signed by 12 countries - Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, United Kingdom, and United States. Today, membership has increased from the original 12 to 28.
Amelia Earhart became the first woman to fly nonstop across the United States, traveling from Los Angeles to Newark, N.J., in just over 19 hours.
Amelia Earhart
The Waffle Iron is Patented in the United States. Cornelius Swartwout, a Troy, New York resident invented and received the patent for the waffle iron, a device used to cook waffles. His design for the waffle iron included two plates of iron connected together with hinges. Users could pour waffle batter on one plate and place the other plate on top and cook the batter over an open fire or on a wood-burning oven. This day is often celebrated as National Waffle Day in the United States.
Waffle iron
The New York branch of the Ohio Life Insurance and Trust Co. failed, sparking the Panic of 1857.
Panic of 1857
Mexico gained its independence from Spain with the Treaty of Cordoba.
Treaty of Córdoba
The British Burn Down Washington. British troops under the leadership of Major General Robert Ross occupied Washington D.C. and burnt down the city, including the Presidential Mansion and the Capitol building. President Madison and members of his government fled the city and took refuge in Brookeville, Maryland. The British had occupied the city for only 24 hours when a massive storm forced the troops to retreat, following which the Americans regained control of the capital.
Burning of Washington
Act of Uniformity requires English to accept Book of Common Prayer.
Act of Uniformity 1662
St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre of Protestants by Roman Catholics begins in Paris and later spreads to the French provinces.
French Wars of Religion
Battle of Marj Dabiq: Ottoman forces decisively beat the Mamluk Sultanate.
Battle of Marj Dabiq
Rome overrun by Visigoths under Alaric I for the first time in nearly 800 years, seen as the fall of the Western Roman Empire.
Sack of Rome (410)
Mount Vesuvius erupted, burying the Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum in volcanic ash. An estimated 20,000 people died.
Eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79