August 30th

People in East Timor Vote in a Referendum. The referendum was to decide whether East Timor should get more autonomy within Indonesia or whether independence should be granted. In 1976, East Timor, which had been a Portuguese colony since 1769, was taken over by Indonesia. The referendum, which came on the heels of mass violence in the region during the Indonesian occupation, passed in favor of independence which was finally gained on May 20, 2002.
East Timorese independence referendum, 1999
'The Late Show with David Letterman' premiered on CBS.
Late Show with David Letterman
Azerbaijan Declares its Independence. The Central Asian country had been a part of the Soviet Union since 1920. In December 1991, a referendum was held to make the country’s independence from the USSR official.
President George H.W. Bush told a news conference that a 'new world order' could emerge from the Persian Gulf crisis.
New world order (politics)
A federal jury in New York found 'hotel queen' Leona Helmsley guilty of income tax evasion but acquitted her of extortion.
Leona Helmsley
Guion Stewart Bluford is launched into Space. Bluford, a fighter pilot for the US Air Force and part of the crew of STS-8, the third flight of NASA’s space shuttle Challenger, was the first African-American to go into space.
Guion Bluford
First African-American justice is Appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court. The United States Senate confirmed Thurgood Marshall to the country’s highest court of justice. Marshall was also the first African-American to have held the post of Solicitor General of the United States.
Thurgood Marshall
The album 'Highway 61 Revisited' by Bob Dylan was released.
Highway 61 Revisited
Telephone hotline Between Washington DC and Moscow is Established. The system of direct communication between the heads of then Soviet Union and now Russia and the United States was set up during the height of the Cold War when the Cuban Missile Crisis almost led the two countries to the brink of an active war. The hotline was used for the first time in 1967 during the 6-day long Arab–Israeli War.
Moscow–Washington hotline
Gen. Douglas MacArthur arrived in Japan and set up Allied occupation headquarters.
Occupation of Japan
Nazi forces began a siege of Leningrad during World War II that lasted nearly two and a half years.
Siege of Leningrad
Jawaharlal Nehru requests independence of India.
Nehru Report
Baseball Hall of Famer Ted Williams was born in San Diego.
Ted Williams
Baseball Hall of Famer Ty Cobb made his major league debut with the Detroit Tigers.
Ty Cobb
Huey P. Long, the 'Kingfish' of Louisiana politics, was born in Winn Parish, La.
Huey Long
Union forces were defeated by the Confederates at the Second Battle of Bull Run in Manassas, Va.
Second Battle of Bull Run
'Frankenstein' author Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley was born in London.
Mary Shelley
Tokugawa Ieyasu enters Edo Castle. (Traditional Japanese date: August 1, 1590).
Beginning of the Battle of Lake Poyang. two Chinese rebel leaders Chen Youliang and Zhu Yuanzhang are pitted against each other in what was one of the largest naval battles in history during Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty
Battle of Lake Poyang
European leaders outlaw crossbow, intending to end war for all time.