August 31st

2012
Armenia severed diplomatic relations with Hungary, after the pardoning of Ramil Safarov. In 2004, Safarov was convicted of killing an Armenian soldier.
Ramil Safarov
2010
President Barack Obama ended the U.S. combat mission in Iraq, declaring no victory after seven years of bloodshed.
Withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq
2009
Walt Disney Co. announced it was acquiring comic book giant Marvel Entertainment for $4 billion.
Marvel Entertainment
2006
Iran defied a U.N. deadline to stop enriching uranium.
Nuclear program of Iran
2005
Some 1,000 people were killed when a religious procession across a Baghdad bridge was engulfed in panic over rumors of a suicide bomber.
1998
North Korea Announces the Launch of its First Satellite. According to government sources of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, the satellite called Kwangmyongsong-1 was successfully launched into lower Earth orbit. Most space agencies around the world, have not been able to confirm whether the launch was successful.
Kwangmyŏngsŏng-1
1997
Princess of Wales, Diana, Dies in a Car Crash. Diana, the former wife of Charles, the heir apparent to the British Crown, was fatally injured when the driver of her car lost control while speeding away from paparazzi, and crashed in a road tunnel in Paris, France. Diana’s companion Dodi al Fayed and the car’s driver also died as a result of the accident. Her funeral was one of the most watched televised events of the century.
Death of Diana, Princess of Wales
1994
Russian Troops Leave Estonia 3 years after Estonia declared independence from the Soviet Union. USSR had occupied the Baltic country in 1944, during the Second World War. Many Western countries never recognized the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic, which was first established in 1940. Between 1941 and 1944, Nazi Germany occupied the country.
Estonia
1992
White separatist Randy Weaver surrendered to authorities in Naples, Idaho, ending an 11-day siege by federal agents that claimed the lives of Weaver's wife and son and a deputy U.S. marshal.
Ruby Ridge
1991
Uzbekistan declares its independence from the Soviet Union. The Central Asian country had become a part of the Russian Empire in the 19th century, and was made part of the Soviet Union as the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic in 1924. The country celebrates September 1 as its Independence Day.
Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic
1985
California's "Night Stalker" killer Richard Ramirez was captured by residents of an East Los Angeles neighborhood.
Richard Ramirez
1980
Poland's Solidarity labor movement had its beginnings when an agreement ending a 17-day strike was signed in Gdansk.
Solidarity (Polish trade union)
1962
The Caribbean nation of Trinidad and Tobago became independent within the British Commonwealth.
British West Indies
1957
Federation of Malaya Gains Independence. The Federation, now known as Malaysia gained its independence from the British. The Southeast Asian country, which was one of the world's largest producer of rubber, came under British rule in the late 18th century.
Federation of Malaya Independence Act 1957
1954
Hurricane Carol hit the northeastern United States, resulting in nearly 70 deaths and millions of dollars in damage.
Hurricane Carol
1945
The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies.
Liberal Party of Australia
1935
President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed an act prohibiting the export of U.S. arms to belligerents.
Neutrality Acts of 1930s
1888
Mary Ann Nichols, a prostitute, was found murdered in London's East End. She is generally regarded as the first victim of Jack the Ripper.
Jack the Ripper
1887
Thomas Edison received a patent for his "Kinetoscope," and moving pictures were born.
Kinetoscope
1142
Possible date for establishment of the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) League - with the aid of Hiawatha and Deganawidah.
Great Law of Peace
1056
Byzantine Empress Theodora becomes ill, dying suddenly a few days later, without children to succeed the throne, ending the Macedonian dynasty.
History of the Byzantine Empire