December 1st

Treaty of Lisbon comes into force. The Treaty of Lisbon, which amended the two treaties - the Maastricht Treaty and the Treaty of Rome - that form the constitutional basis of the European Union came into force after being signed by 13 countries in 2007.
Treaty of Lisbon
Tom Brokaw signed off for the last time as anchor of the 'NBC Nightly News.'.
Tom Brokaw
Vicente Fox was sworn in as president of Mexico, ending 71 years of ruling-party domination.
History of Mexico
Exxon and Mobil agreed to merge, creating the world's largest corporation.
Representatives from more than 150 countries gathered at a global warming summit in Kyoto, Japan, and over the course of ten days forged an agreement to control the emission of greenhouse gases. President Bush pulled the U.S. out of the Kyoto Protocol in 2001.
Kyoto Protocol
'Long Island Lolita' Amy Fisher was sentenced to prison for shooting and seriously wounding Mary Jo Buttafuoco, the wife of her lover, Joey Buttafuoco. (Fisher served seven years.).
Amy Fisher
Ukrainians voted overwhelmingly for independence from the Soviet Union.
Ukrainian independence referendum, 1991
Benazir Bhutto named 1st female Prime Minister of a Muslim country (Pakistan).
Benazir Bhutto
The U.S. government held its first draft lottery since World War II.
Draft lottery (1969)
The Beatles' first single, "I Want to Hold Your Hand," was released in the United States.
I Want to Hold Your Hand
Twelve nations, including the United States, signed a treaty setting aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve free from military activity.
Antarctic Treaty System
French colony of Ubangi-Shari gains autonomy. The French colony of Ubangi-Shari, now known as the Central African Republic, gained autonomy from France. 2 years later, the country became independent and adopted its current name.
French Community
Rosa Parks is arrested for refusing to move to the back of a bus and give her seat to a white passenger in Montgomery, Alabama.
Rosa Parks
The New York Daily News reports the first successful sexual reassignment operation.
Christine Jorgensen
Tehran Conference ends. The Tehran Conference between the US, the UK, and the Soviet Union ended with the three countries deciding to open up a second front against Germany in France, and the Soviet Union agreeing to declare war against Japan.
Tehran Conference
Sergei M. Kirov, the head of the Communist Party in Leningrad, was assassinated as Soviet leader Josef Stalin began a massive purge that would claim tens of millions of lives.
Sergey Kirov
Nancy Astor becomes to the first woman to join the British House of Commons. Nancy Witcher Langhorne also known as Nancy Astor became the first woman to join the British House of Commons.
Nancy Astor, Viscountess Astor
Kingdom of Iceland established. The Kingdom of Iceland was established with the signing of the Act of Union with Denmark. The act recognized Iceland as a sovereign state under a common monarch with Denmark, and the Kingdom lasted until 1944 when a national referendum created the Republic of Iceland.
Kingdom of Iceland
The first drive-in automobile service station opened, in Pittsburgh.
December 1913
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes appeared for the first time in print in the story "A Study in Scarlet.".
Sherlock Holmes
President Abraham Lincoln sent his Second Annual Message to Congress, which was read aloud by the Secretary of the Senate. In it, Lincoln called for the abolition of slavery, saying that "in giving freedom to the slave, we assure freedom to the free,".
Presidency of Abraham Lincoln
The House of Representatives convened to decide the presidential election because no candidate had received a majority in the Electoral College. (John Quincy Adams was eventually chosen the winner over Andrew Jackson and William Crawford.).
Speaker of the United States House of Representatives