December 28th

2007
Nepal abolishes monarchy. The amendment to the Nepalese constitution that declared the country a federal republic was passed by the parliament. The transition was completed on May 28, 2008. Established in 1768 by Prithvi Narayan Shah, the Kingdom of Nepal lasted for over 200 years. Nepal is the world's only country with Hinduism as the state religion.
Kingdom of Nepal
1981
Elizabeth Jordan Carr, the first American test-tube baby, was born in Norfolk, Va.
Elizabeth Jordan Carr
1972
Kim il Sung becomes first president of North Korea. Kim Il-sung became the first and only president of South Korea under an amended constitution. He was elected to the post by the members of the North Korean parliament, which is also known as the Supreme People's Assembly. The post was abolished in 1998, and Kim II-sung was given the title of Eternal President of Korea.
Kim Il-sung
1968
Israel raid on Beirut Airport. The Israeli Defence Forces mounted a special operation, also known as Operation Gift, on Beirut Airport. The raid was in retaliation to the attack on El Al Flight 253, which was en route from Tel Aviv to New York. During its layover in Athens, Greece, two Palestinians fired at passengers and crew and killed 1 person. In retaliation, Israel destroyed several passenger and cargo planes parked at Beirut Airport. There were no fatalities during the raid.
1968 Israeli raid on Lebanon
1945
Congress officially recognized the Pledge of Allegiance.
Pledge of Allegiance
1943
All Kalmyk inhabitants of the Republic of Kalmukkie deported by the Soviet Union to Central Asia and Siberia. Many die en route.
Kalmykia
1937
Composer Maurice Ravel died in Paris at age 62.
Maurice Ravel
1908
Earthquake strikes Messina, Italy, killing nearly 80,000.
1908 Messina earthquake
1895
The Lumiere Brothers gave the first commercial movie show at the Grand Cafe in Paris.
Auguste and Louis Lumière
1885
Indian National Congress founded. The party is one of the two main political parties in India. Created by the members of the Theosophical Society, the party was a major player in India's independence movement against the British. After Independence, the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru belonged to the INC.
History of the Indian National Congress
1869
William F. Semple patented chewing gum.
William F. Semple
1860
Harriet Tubman arrives in Auburn NewcYork, on her last mission to free slaves, having evaded capture for 8 years on the Underground Railroad.
Harriet Ann Jacobs
1846
Iowa became the 29th state in the United States.
Iowa
1836
South Australia becomes a British colony. The central southern state of Australia was first established as a province in 1834 by the British Parliament under the South Australia Act. The day was observed as Proclamation Day in the state, which was later turned into an extra holiday after Christmas Day.
History of South Australia
1832
John C. Calhoun became the first vice president in U.S. history to resign from office.
John C. Calhoun
1767
King Taksin crowned King of Thailand and establishes Thonburi as his capital.
King Taksin
1612
First observation of Neptune - Galileo observes and records a 'fixed star' without realising it is a planet.
Neptune
1065
Westminster Abbey in London consecrated.
Westminster Abbey