December 29th

1997
Hong Kong begins slaughtering all its chickens to prevent bird flu.
Global spread of H5N1
1996
Guatemalan civil war comes to an end. The 36-year long civil war fought between several leftist groups representing the indigenous people and poor and the government came to an end after Comandante Rolando Morán of the Guatemalan National Revolutionary Unity and president Álvaro Arzú signed a peace treaty under the supervision of the UN. Morán and Arzú received the Nobel Peace Prize for their role in bringing peace to the country.
Guatemalan Civil War
1989
Vaclav Havel was elected president of Czechoslovakia.
Václav Havel
1940
During World War II, Germany began dropping incendiary bombs on London.
The Blitz
1937
Ireland established. A new constitution, established by a national referendum, changed the name of the Irish Free state to Ireland. The Irish Free State was a part of the British Commonwealth and was established in 1922 under the Anglo-Irish Treaty singed in 1921.
1937 in Ireland
1916
A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man published. The first novel of Irish writer, James Joyce, the book follows the life of Stephen Dedalus, who many believe was the author's alter ego. It first came out as a series in the literary magazine, The Egoist and was then published by American publisher B. W. Huebsch. James Joyce is best known for his book Ulysses, which is about a single day in the life of advertising agent, Leopold Bloom. In honor of the book, fans of the author celebrate an unofficial holiday, Bloomsday on June 16.
A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
1911
Mongolian Independence. The landlocked North East Asian country declared its independence from the Qing Dynasty, after the Mongolian Revolution of 1911. The country had been under the Qing rule for about 200 years.
Mongolian Revolution of 1911
1903
French Equatorial Africa separates into Gabon, Chad & Ubangi-Shari.
Ubangi-Shari
1890
Wounded Knee Massacre. On this day, the U.S. Army’s 7th Cavalry tried to disarm the members of the Lakota tribe who were camped at the Wounded Knee Creek. During their attempt, a shot was fired and the cavalry massacred over 150 members of the tribe including women and children. Many historians believe that the number of people massacred was much higher. Wounded Knee is near present day Lakota Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in the state of South Dakota.
Wounded Knee Massacre
1851
The first Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) opened in Boston.
Boston Young Men's Christian Association
1845
Texas became the 28th state in the United States.
History of Texas (1845–1860)
1835
The Treaty of New Echota is signed, ceding all the lands of the Cherokee east of the Mississippi River to the United States.
Treaty of New Echota
1170
Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury, was murdered by four knights acting under the orders of Henry II.
Church of St Thomas the Martyr