President Barack Obama signed a $757 billion economic stimulus package into law..
Kosovo declares its independence. The region's secession from Serbia followed an armed conflict referred to as the Kosovo War.
2008 Kosovo declaration of independence
President George W. Bush named John Negroponte to be the first national intelligence director.
The new Transportation Security Administration took over supervision of aviation security from the airline industry and the Federal Aviation Administration.
United States Department of Homeland Security
World chess champion Garry Kasparov beat IBM supercomputer 'Deep Blue,' winning a six-game match in Philadelphia.
Deep Blue versus Garry Kasparov
Colin Ferguson was convicted of six counts of murder in the December 1993 Long Island Rail Road shootings that also wounded 19 people.
1993 Long Island Rail Road shooting
Serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer is jailed for life. Dahmer was convicted of murdering and dismembering at least 17 young men and boys.
President Richard M. Nixon departed on a historic trip to China.
Presidency of Richard Nixon
Golda Meir sworn in as the first female Prime Minister of Israel.
The Voice of America began broadcasting to the Soviet Union.
Voice of America
Newsweek magazine was first published.
The “Armory Show” opens in New York. The art exhibition featured works by Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, and Vincent van Gogh and marked the advent of artistic modernism in the United States.
“Madama Butterfly” is premiered. Giacomo Puccini's opera, one of the world's most performed works of musical theater, was poorly received in its first performance.
Sardines first canned by Julius Wolff in Eastport, Maine.
Columbia, S.C., burned as the Confederates evacuated and Union forces moved in.
Columbia, South Carolina in the American Civil War
The Confederate submarine Hunley, equipped with an explosive at the end of a protruding spar, rammed and sank the Union's ship Housatonic off the coast of Charleston, S.C.
A precursor of the Red Cross and Red Crescent is founded. The “Committee for Relief to the Wounded” was created by a group of citizens in Geneva, Switzerland.
International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
Baltimore became the first U.S. city lit by gas.
The electoral tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr was broken by the House of Representatives who elected Jefferson president.
United States presidential election, 1800
Italian philospher, alchemist, and Copernican theory advocate Giordano Bruno was burned at the stake for heresy by the Inquisition.
Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II agrees to pay tribute to the Ottoman Empire for peace.
Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor