Oil prices soared to $100 a barrel for the first time.
World oil market chronology from 2003
A methane gas explosion at the Sago Mine in West Virginia trapped 13 miners underground for more than 40 hours. only one survived.
Sago Mine disaster
Rudolph Giuliani is inaugurated as New York City's mayor.
Mayoralty of Rudy Giuliani
Sharon Pratt Dixon was sworn in as mayor of Washington, D.C., becoming the first African-American woman to head a city of Washington's size and prominence.
Sharon Pratt Kelly
Police in Sheffield, England, arrested Peter Sutcliffe, who confessed to being the 'Yorkshire Ripper,' the serial killer of 13 women.
President Richard Nixon signed legislation requiring states to limit highway speeds to 55 mph.
National Maximum Speed Law
66 football fans die in the Ibrox disaster. Over 200 people were injured in the crush, which occurred at the end of an association football game between the Glasgow-based clubs, Rangers, and Celtic, at Ibrox Park.
1971 Ibrox disaster
Ronald Reagan is sworn in as Governor of California. Reagan became the 40th U.S. president in 1981.
Governorship of Ronald Reagan
The New York Jets signed University of Alabama quarterback Joe Namath for a reported $400,000.
The first spacecraft to fly by the Moon and also to orbit the Sun, Mechta (Luna 1) was launched by the USSR.
Mahatma Gandhi begins march for peace in East-Bengali.
WWII: the 28 nations at war with Axis powers pledge to make no separate peace deals.
Declaration by United Nations
Bruno Hauptmann went on trial in Flemington, N.J., on charges of kidnapping and murdering the infant son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh. (He was found guilty and executed.).
The African-American town of Rosewood, Fla., was burned by a white mob.
American anarcho-syndicalist union known as the Industrial Workers of the World forms.
Industrial Workers of the World
Secretary of State John Hay announced the Open Door Policy to prompt trade with China.
Good Neighbor policy
Urban Le Verrier announces the discovery of the planet Vulcan. Despite a thorough search, the planet was never actually sighted.
Vulcan (hypothetical planet)
Louis Jacques Mandé Daguerre took the first photograph of the Moon.
Georgia became the fourth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
Georgia (U.S. state)
Tsar Ivan the Terrible's march to Novgorod begins.
Massacre of Novgorod
The leader of the last Arab stronghold in Spain surrendered to Spanish forces loyal to King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella I.
Timeline of the Muslim presence in the Iberian Peninsula
The Alamanni cross the frozen Rhine River in large numbers, invading the Roman Empire.