January 5th

2011
Rep. John Boehner of Ohio was elected speaker as Republicans regained control of the House of Representatives on the first day of the new Congress.
United States House of Representatives elections, 2010
2005
The solar system's largest known dwarf planet is discovered. The discovery of “Eris” ultimately lead to the International Astronomical Union (IAU) downgrading Pluto, which has roughly the same size, to a dwarf planet.
Eris (dwarf planet)
2004
After 14 years of denials, Pete Rose publicly admitted that he'd bet on baseball while manager of the Cincinnati Reds.
Pete Rose
2000
INS Commissioner Doris Meissner ruled that 6-year-old Elian Gonzalez must be returned to Cuba.
1994
Former House Speaker Thomas P. "Tip" O'Neill died in Boston at age 81.
Tip O'Neill
1993
The oil tanker MV Braer runs aground on the coast of the Shetland Islands. The oil tanker spilled twice as much crude oil as the Exxon Valdez in 1989.
MV Braer
1981
Police in England arrested Peter Sutcliffe, a truck driver later convicted of the "Yorkshire Ripper" murders of 13 women.
Peter Sutcliffe
1973
Bruce Springsteen's debut album, "Greetings From Asbury Park, N.J.," was released.
Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J.
1972
President Richard Nixon ordered development of the space shuttle.
Space Shuttle program
1970
The soap opera "All My Children" premiered on ABC-TV.
All My Children
1968
The Prague Spring begins. The period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia began with the election of Alexander Dubček as the country's leader.
Prague Spring
1949
In his State of the Union address, President Harry S. Truman labeled his domestic program the 'Fair Deal.'.
Executive Order 9835
1933
Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge begins. The Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco is one of the best-known symbols of the United States.
Golden Gate Bridge
1930
Mao Zedong writes "A Single Spark Can Start a Prairie Fire".
The Battle of Los Angeles (album)
1925
Nellie Tayloe Ross became the first woman governor of a state (Wyoming).
Nellie Tayloe Ross
1919
National Socialist Party (Nazi) forms as German Farmers' Party.
German Workers' Party
1914
Henry Ford introduced the $5-a-day minimum wage.
Henry Ford
1896
The Austrian newspaper Wiener Presse reported the discovery by German physicist Wilhelm Roentgen of a type of radiation that came to be known as an X-ray.
Portal:History of science/Selected anniversaries/November
1895
Alfred Dreyfus is sentenced to life imprisonment. The French artillery officer was accused of treason. He was later exonerated.
Trial and conviction of Alfred Dreyfus
1781
British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burns Richmond, Virginia.
Raid of Richmond
1477
Battle of Nancy, Burgundy vs Switzerland, 7,000 + killed including their leader Charles Duke of Burgundy.
Burgundian Wars