January 5th

Rep. John Boehner of Ohio was elected speaker as Republicans regained control of the House of Representatives on the first day of the new Congress.
United States House of Representatives elections, 2010
The solar system's largest known dwarf planet is discovered. The discovery of “Eris” ultimately lead to the International Astronomical Union (IAU) downgrading Pluto, which has roughly the same size, to a dwarf planet.
Eris (dwarf planet)
After 14 years of denials, Pete Rose publicly admitted that he'd bet on baseball while manager of the Cincinnati Reds.
Pete Rose
INS Commissioner Doris Meissner ruled that 6-year-old Elian Gonzalez must be returned to Cuba.
Former House Speaker Thomas P. "Tip" O'Neill died in Boston at age 81.
Tip O'Neill
The oil tanker MV Braer runs aground on the coast of the Shetland Islands. The oil tanker spilled twice as much crude oil as the Exxon Valdez in 1989.
MV Braer
Police in England arrested Peter Sutcliffe, a truck driver later convicted of the "Yorkshire Ripper" murders of 13 women.
Peter Sutcliffe
Bruce Springsteen's debut album, "Greetings From Asbury Park, N.J.," was released.
Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J.
President Richard Nixon ordered development of the space shuttle.
Space Shuttle program
The soap opera "All My Children" premiered on ABC-TV.
All My Children
The Prague Spring begins. The period of political liberalization in Czechoslovakia began with the election of Alexander Dubček as the country's leader.
Prague Spring
In his State of the Union address, President Harry S. Truman labeled his domestic program the 'Fair Deal.'.
Executive Order 9835
Construction of the Golden Gate Bridge begins. The Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco is one of the best-known symbols of the United States.
Golden Gate Bridge
Mao Zedong writes "A Single Spark Can Start a Prairie Fire".
The Battle of Los Angeles (album)
Nellie Tayloe Ross became the first woman governor of a state (Wyoming).
Nellie Tayloe Ross
National Socialist Party (Nazi) forms as German Farmers' Party.
German Workers' Party
Henry Ford introduced the $5-a-day minimum wage.
Henry Ford
The Austrian newspaper Wiener Presse reported the discovery by German physicist Wilhelm Roentgen of a type of radiation that came to be known as an X-ray.
Portal:History of science/Selected anniversaries/November
Alfred Dreyfus is sentenced to life imprisonment. The French artillery officer was accused of treason. He was later exonerated.
Trial and conviction of Alfred Dreyfus
British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burns Richmond, Virginia.
Raid of Richmond
Battle of Nancy, Burgundy vs Switzerland, 7,000 + killed including their leader Charles Duke of Burgundy.
Burgundian Wars