January 8th

Rep. Gabrielle Giffords, D-Ariz., was shot and critically wounded when a gunman opened fire as the congresswoman met with constituents in Tucson; six people were killed and 12 others were injured. (Jared Lee Loughner has pleaded not guilty to 49 charges in connection with the shooting.).
2011 Tucson shooting
A Moroccan man convicted of aiding three of the four pilots who committed the 9/11 attacks was sentenced by a German court to the maximum 15 years in prison.
Zacarias Moussaoui
Ramzi Yousef, the mastermind of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, was sentenced in New York to life in prison.
Ramzi Yousef
Russian cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov beings his record spaceflight. Polyakov stayed aboard the Mir space station for a record-breaking 437 days and 18 hours.
Valeri Polyakov
The Dow Jones industrial average closed above 2,000 for the first time, ending the day at 2,002.25.
Tommy Maddox
The AT&T Bell System telephone monopoly agreed to divest itself of 22 Bell System companies and split itself into seven 'Baby Bells.'.
The Who Tour 1982
President Lyndon B. Johnson declared a war on poverty.
War on Poverty
Charles de Gaulle becomes president of France. His right-wing political ideology, Gaullism, still influences French politics today.
Charles de Gaulle
Bobby Fischer won the United States Chess Championship for the first time at age 14.
Bobby Fischer
Elvis Presley's "Don't Be Cruel/Hound Dog" single goes #1 & stays #1 for a record 11 weeks (for a single).
President Woodrow Wilson outlined his Fourteen Points for peace after World War I.
Fourteen Points
WWI: ANZAC forces withdraw from the Gallipoli Peninsula after Ottoman forces successfully defend access to Constantinople.
Gallipoli Campaign
The African National Congress (ANC) is founded. The ANC, whose most famous member is Nelson Mandela, played an important role in the fight against the South African apartheid regime and it is now the country's governing political party.
African National Congress
Computer pioneer Herman Hollerith patents his punched card calculator. His invention paved the way for modern automatic computation.
Herman Hollerith
The United States national debt is 0 for the first and only time.
History of the United States public debt
U.S. forces led by Gen. Andrew Jackson defeated the British in the Battle of New Orleans during the War of 1812.
Battle of New Orleans
George Washington delivers the first State of the Union address. The U.S. president typically uses this annual speech to outline his political agenda.
1790 State of the Union Address
Oldest surviving commercial newspaper begins (Haarlem, Netherlands).
List of the oldest newspapers
Astronomer Galileo Galilei died in Arcetri, Italy.
Galileo Galilei
Vikings attacked Lindisfarne Island.
Viking Age