January 9th

The Illinois House voted to impeach Gov. Rod Blagojevich. (The Democratic governor was removed from office by the state Senate later in the month.).
Rod Blagojevich
Apple CEO Steve Jobs unveiled the iPhone.
iPhone (1st generation)
'The Phantom of the Opera' became the longest-running show in Broadway history, surpassing 'Cats,' which ran for 7,485 performances.
Long-running musical theatre productions
The second Sudanese War ends. As an outcome, Southern Sudan is granted autonomy: in 2011, South Sudan becomes an independent nation.
Second Sudanese Civil War
Apple Computer Inc. introduced its iTunes music management software at the MacWorld Expo in San Francisco.
The White House released a memorandum prepared for President Ronald Reagan in January 1986 that showed a definite link between U.S. arms sales to Iran and the release of American hostages in Lebanon.
Timeline of the presidency of Ronald Reagan
Reclusive billionaire Howard Hughes said a purported authorized biography of him by Clifford Irving was a fake.
Clifford Irving
The Surveyor 7 space probe made a soft landing on the moon. It was the last of America's unmanned explorations of the lunar surface.
Surveyor 7
Anti-American rioting broke out in the Panama Canal Zone.
Martyrs' Day (Panama)
6,000 Jews exterminated in pogrom in Bucharest, Romania.
Legionnaires' rebellion and Bucharest pogrom
The Battle of Gallipoli ends. The Gallipoli Campaign during World War I ended with the victory of the Ottoman Empire.
Gallipoli Campaign
Ernest Shackleton as part of the British Nimrod Expedition reaches a record farthest South latitude (88°23' south).
Nimrod Expedition
The Russian Revolution of 1905 was sparked by troops firing on petitioners to Czar Nicholas in St. Petersburg.
Bloody Sunday (1905)
The first shots of the American Civil War are fired. The steamer, Star of the West, was fired upon by the Confederates as it attempted to enter Charleston Harbor
Battle of Fort Sumter
Daguerrotype photo process announced at French Academy of Science.
Connecticut became the fifth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
State of Connecticut
Philip Astley opens the world's first modern circus. The British equestrian, who is considered the father of modern circus, opened a riding school in London where he also performed tricks for an audience in the afternoons.
Philip Astley
Afghans defeat Marathas in battle of Barari Ghat.
Dattaji Rao Scindia
The trial against Joan of Arc begins. She was executed on May 30, 1431, exonerated in 1456, and canonized in 1920 by Pope Benedict XV.
Trial of Joan of Arc