January 9th

2009
The Illinois House voted to impeach Gov. Rod Blagojevich. (The Democratic governor was removed from office by the state Senate later in the month.).
Rod Blagojevich
2007
Apple CEO Steve Jobs unveiled the iPhone.
iPhone (1st generation)
2006
'The Phantom of the Opera' became the longest-running show in Broadway history, surpassing 'Cats,' which ran for 7,485 performances.
Long-running musical theatre productions
2005
The second Sudanese War ends. As an outcome, Southern Sudan is granted autonomy: in 2011, South Sudan becomes an independent nation.
Second Sudanese Civil War
2001
Apple Computer Inc. introduced its iTunes music management software at the MacWorld Expo in San Francisco.
iTunes
1987
The White House released a memorandum prepared for President Ronald Reagan in January 1986 that showed a definite link between U.S. arms sales to Iran and the release of American hostages in Lebanon.
Timeline of the presidency of Ronald Reagan
1972
Reclusive billionaire Howard Hughes said a purported authorized biography of him by Clifford Irving was a fake.
Clifford Irving
1968
The Surveyor 7 space probe made a soft landing on the moon. It was the last of America's unmanned explorations of the lunar surface.
Surveyor 7
1964
Anti-American rioting broke out in the Panama Canal Zone.
Martyrs' Day (Panama)
1941
6,000 Jews exterminated in pogrom in Bucharest, Romania.
Legionnaires' rebellion and Bucharest pogrom
1916
The Battle of Gallipoli ends. The Gallipoli Campaign during World War I ended with the victory of the Ottoman Empire.
Gallipoli Campaign
1909
Ernest Shackleton as part of the British Nimrod Expedition reaches a record farthest South latitude (88°23' south).
Nimrod Expedition
1905
The Russian Revolution of 1905 was sparked by troops firing on petitioners to Czar Nicholas in St. Petersburg.
Bloody Sunday (1905)
1861
The first shots of the American Civil War are fired. The steamer, Star of the West, was fired upon by the Confederates as it attempted to enter Charleston Harbor
Battle of Fort Sumter
1839
Daguerrotype photo process announced at French Academy of Science.
Daguerreotype
1788
Connecticut became the fifth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
State of Connecticut
1768
Philip Astley opens the world's first modern circus. The British equestrian, who is considered the father of modern circus, opened a riding school in London where he also performed tricks for an audience in the afternoons.
Philip Astley
1760
Afghans defeat Marathas in battle of Barari Ghat.
Dattaji Rao Scindia
1431
The trial against Joan of Arc begins. She was executed on May 30, 1431, exonerated in 1456, and canonized in 1920 by Pope Benedict XV.
Trial of Joan of Arc