January 13th

2012
The cruise ship Costa Concordia sinks, killing 32. The ship's captain was later accused of imprudence, negligence, and incompetence.
Costa Concordia disaster
2004
Joseph Darby, a U.S. soldier at Iraq's Abu Ghraib prison, reported U.S. abuses of Iraqi prisoners to the Army's Criminal Investigations Division..
Charles Graner
2002
The off-Broadway musical 'The Fantasticks' ended a run of nearly 42 years and 17,162 performances.
The Fantasticks
2001
An earthquake devastates El Salvador. This quake killed nearly 1000 people; at least 315 people feel victim to a second quake on February 13, 2001.
January 2001 El Salvador earthquake
2000
Microsoft chairman Bill Gates steps aside as chief executive and promotes company president Steve Ballmer to the position.
Larry Page
1999
Michael Jordan announced his second retirement from the NBA. He would "unretire" again in 2001.
Sammy Sosa
1990
L. Douglas Wilder of Virginia, the nation's first elected black governor, took the oath of office in Richmond.
Bill Clinton
1989
New York City subway gunman Bernhard H. Goetz was sentenced to one year in prison for possessing an unlicensed gun that he used to shoot four youths he said were about to rob him.
1984 New York City Subway shooting
1982
An Air Florida 737 crashed into the 14th Street Bridge in Washington, D.C., after takeoff and fell into the Potomac River, killing 78 people.
Air Florida Flight 90
1978
Former Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey died in Waverly, Minn., at age 66.
Hubert Humphrey
1968
Johnny Cash performs live at Folsom State Prison. The album “Johnny Cash at Folsom Prison” became a huge success.
At Folsom Prison
1966
Robert C. Weaver became the first black Cabinet member as he was appointed Secretary of Housing and Urban Development by President Lyndon B. Johnson.
Robert C. Weaver
1964
Karol Wojtyla, the future Pope John Paul II, was appointed archbishop of Krakow, Poland, by Pope Paul VI.
Pope John Paul II
1941
Novelist James Joyce died in Zurich.
James Joyce
1915
The worst earthquake in Italian history kills 30,000. The quake hit the town of Avezzano, about 100 km (60 m) east of Rome.
1915 Avezzano earthquake
1906
Telimco makes the 1st ever advertisment for a radio set, by advertising a $7.50 set in the 'Scientific American' which claimed to receive signals for up to one mile.
1898
Novelist Emile Zola's 'J'accuse' - a defense of Captain Alfred Dreyfus, a French Jew falsely convicted of treason - was published in a Paris newspaper.
Dreyfus affair
1893
Britain's Independent Labor Party, a precursor to the Labor Party, first met.
Independent Labour Party
1888
National Geographic Society founded in Washington, D.C.
National Geographic Society
1842
Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for (reputedly) being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
William Brydon
1808
Salmon P. Chase, U.S. senator, secretary of the treasury and chief justice of the Supreme Court, was born in Cornish, N.H.
Salmon P. Chase
1794
President George Washington approved a measure adding two stars and two stripes to the American flag, following the admission of Vermont and Kentucky to the union.
Whiskey Rebellion
1785
John Walter publishes 1st issue of 'The Times' of London.
John Walter (publisher)