January 16th

2007
Sen. Barack Obama, D-Ill., launched his successful bid for the White House.
United States Senate career of Barack Obama
2006
Africa's first elected female head of state, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, was sworn in as Liberia's president.
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
2005
Adriana Iliescu gives birth at the age of 66. The Romanian university lecturer broke the record for the world's oldest birth mother.
Adriana Iliescu
2004
Pop star Michael Jackson pleaded innocent to child molestation charges in Santa Maria, Calif. (Charges were later re-filed and Jackson was acquitted.).
Trial of Michael Jackson
2003
The space shuttle Columbia and its crew of seven blasted off from Cape Canaveral. (The shuttle broke up during its return descent on Feb. 1, killing everyone on board.).
Space Shuttle Challenger disaster
2001
Laurent Kabila, president of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, was assassinated.
Laurent-Désiré Kabila
1992
The government of El Salvador and rebel leaders signed a pact in Mexico City ending 12 years of civil war that had killed at least 75,000 people.
Salvadoran Civil War
1991
Operation Desert Storm was announced by the White House.
Media coverage of the Gulf War
1989
Three days of rioting erupted in Miami when a police officer fatally shot a black motorcyclist, causing a crash that also claimed the life of a passenger.
1980 Miami riots
1979
The Shah of Iran flees the country. As a consequence, Ayatollah Khomeini later took power and proclaimed the Islamic Republic.
Mohammad Reza Shah of Iran
1973
The final first-run episode of the long-running western 'Bonanza' aired on NBC.
Bonanza
1969
Two manned Soviet Soyuz spaceships became the first vehicles to dock in space and transfer personnel.
Soyuz 4
1964
The musical 'Hello, Dolly!' starring Carol Channing opened on Broadway, beginning a run of 2,844 performances.
Hello, Dolly! (musical)
1944
Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower took command of the Allied invasion force in London.
Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force
1942
Actress Carole Lombard, the wife of actor Clark Gable, died in a plane crash.
Carole Lombard
1920
A year after it was ratified, the 18th Amendment to the Constitution, prohibiting the sale of alcoholic beverages, went into effect.
Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution
1919
Prohibition begins in the United States. The 18th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution prohibited the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors.
Prohibition in the United States
1913
British House of Commons accepts Home Rule for Ireland (but the Great War gets in the way of it happening).
Home Rule Crisis
1883
The U.S. Civil Service Commission established.
Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act
1793
French King Louis XVI sentenced to death by the National Convention during the French Revolution.
Execution of Louis XVI
1547
Ivan IV (popularly known as 'Ivan the Terrible') was crowned czar of Russia.
Ivan the Terrible
1412
The Medici family is appointed official banker of the Papacy.
Medici Bank
27
e Roman Empire is established. One of the events marking the beginning of the Imperium Romanum was the Roman Senate's granting of the honorific Augustus to Octavian on this day.
Roman Empire