January 19th

Calcium deposits are discovered on Mars by NASA’s Curiosity Rover.
Composition of Mars
In a major upset, Republican Scott Brown captured the U.S. Senate seat held by liberal champion Edward Kennedy for nearly half a century as he defeated Democrat Martha Coakley in a special election.
Ted Kennedy
Turkish journalist Hrant Dink is assassinated. The murderer was a 17-year old Turkish nationalist who disagreed with Dink's view on the Turkish denial of the Armenian Genocide of 1915.
Assassination of Hrant Dink
An unmanned NASA spacecraft blasted off on a 3 billion-mile journey to Pluto.
Voyager 2
President Clinton admitted he made false statements under oath about Monica Lewinsky.
Clinton v. Jones
Yasser Arafat returned to Hebron for the first time in 30 years, as Israel hands over control of the West Bank city to Palestinians.
Israeli–Palestinian peace process
Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie is arrested in Bolivia. Barbie was known as the “Butcher of Lyon”.
Klaus Barbie
The United States and Iran signed an agreement paving the way for the release of 52 Americans held hostage for more than 14 months.
Nuclear program of Iran
Former Attorney General John Mitchell was released on parole after serving 19 months in federal prison for Watergate-related crimes.
John N. Mitchell
World's largest crowd gathering - the Hindu Kumbh Mela in India attracts a then record 15 million people.
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi
Indira Gandhi becomes India's first female prime minister. She was assassinated on October 31, 1984.
Indira Gandhi
A presidential news conference was filmed for TV for the first time, with the permission of President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
White House Press Secretary
Lucy Ricardo gave birth to baby Ricky on I Love Lucy. More people tuned in to watch the show than the inauguration of President Eisenhower.
Lucy Goes to the Hospital
The federal government relinquished control of the nation's railroads after settling a wage dispute.
History of Virginia
Rock singer Janis Joplin was born in Port Arthur, Texas.
Janis Joplin
Georges Claude patents his neon discharge tube. Neon lighting soon became popular for outdoor advertising.
Georges Claude
The first electric lighting system employing overhead wires, built by Thomas Edison, begins service at Roselle, New Jersey.
Roselle, New Jersey
Georgia seceded from the Union.
Georgia in the American Civil War
Goethe's “Faust” (Part 1) is premiered. The work is considered one of the greatest works of German literature.
Goethe's Faust
Peninsular War: After a ten day siege, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, orders British soldiers of the Light and third divisions to storm Ciudad Rodrigo.
Siege of Badajoz (1812)
Author Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston.
Edgar Allan Poe
Robert E. Lee, the commander-in-chief of the Confederate armies, was born in Stratford, Va.
Robert E. Lee
James Watt, inventor of the steam engine, was born in Scotland.
James Watt
Theodosius installed as co-emperor of East Roman Empire.
Theodosius I