January 22nd

2010
Conan O'Brien ended his brief tenure as host of 'The Tonight Show' after accepting a $45 million buyout from NBC to leave the show after only seven months.
2010 Tonight Show conflict
2009
President Barack Obama ordered the terrorist detention center at Guantanamo Bay closed within a year and banned harsh interrogation of terror suspects. (The prison remains open.).
Guantanamo Bay detention camp
2008
Jose Padilla, once accused of plotting with al-Qaida to blow up a radioactive 'dirty bomb,' was sentenced by a U.S. federal judge in Miami to more than 17 years in prison on terrorism conspiracy charges.
Terrorism in the United States
2006
Eco Morales becomes Bolivia's first indigenous president. The left-wing politician has focused mainly on combating poverty and curbing the influence of transnational corporations.
Evo Morales
1998
Theodore Kaczynski pleaded guilty in Sacramento, Calif., to being the Unabomber in return for a sentence of life in prison without parole.
Ted Kaczynski
1997
The Senate confirmed Madeleine Albright as the nation's first female secretary of state.
Madeleine Albright
1995
Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, the mother of President John F. Kennedy, died in Hyannis Port, Mass., at age 104.
Rose Kennedy
1973
The U.S. Supreme Court legalizes abortion. The liberalization effected by the Roe v. Wade decision entailed fierce resistance from the Pro-Life movement, but the Supreme Court has so far upheld the decision.
Roe v. Wade
1970
The Boeing 747 takes off on its first scheduled flight. The Pan Am jumbo jet flew from New York to London.
Boeing 747
1963
The Élysée Treaty formalizes the reconciliation between Germany and France. The treaty effectively ended centuries of enmity between the two European countries.
List of treaties
1953
The Arthur Miller drama "The Crucible" opened on Broadway.
The Crucible
1946
US president Harry Truman sets up the Central Intelligence Agency.
Central Intelligence Agency
1944
Allied forces began landing at Anzio, Italy, during World War II.
Battle of Anzio
1943
World record for fastest temperature change. The fastest temperature change recorded in history occurred on this day in Spearfish, South Dakota. The temperature increased from −4°F (−20°C) to +45°F (+7°C) in the span of two minutes.
Spearfish, South Dakota
1938
Thornton Wilder's play Our Town first performed publicly in Princeton, N.J.
Our Town
1922
Pope Benedict XV died.
Pope Benedict XV
1905
In St Petersburg, Russia, a large demonstration of workers led by Father Gapon, march to the Winter Palace with a petition to the Tsar. troops fire on protesters in what becomes known as 'Bloody Sunday'
Bloody Sunday (1905)
1901
Queen Victoria of England died after reigning for 63 years (the 4th longest among longest-reigning monarchs and the longest for queens).
List of monarchs in Britain by length of reign
1879
Battle of Rorke's Drift: British garrison of 150 holds off 3,000-4,000 Zulu warriors. Eleven Victoria Crosses and a number of other decorations were awarded to the defenders.
Battle of Rorke's Drift
1689
Prince William of Orange (future King William III of Britain), summons Convention Parliament to discuss ruling jointly with his wife Mary (daughter of exiled King James II).
William III of England
1506
The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrive at the Vatican.
Swiss Guards