January 23rd

2005
Former "Tonight Show" host Johnny Carson died at age 79.
Johnny Carson
2004
Bob Keeshan, "Captain Kangaroo," died at age 76.
Bob Keeshan
2002
Wall Street Journal reporter Daniel Pearl was abducted in Karachi, Pakistan, by a group demanding the return of prisoners from the Afghan campaign. (He was later killed.).
Daniel Pearl
1997
A judge in Fairfax, Va., sentenced a Pakistani man to death for an assault rifle attack outside CIA headquarters in 1993 that killed two people and wounded three.
Mir Qazi
1993
The first African-American to sit on the Supreme Court, Thurgood Marshall, died.
Thurgood Marshall
1991
Allied forces in the Persian Gulf War announced that they had achieved air superiority after some 12,000 sorties.
Gulf War air campaign
1989
Surrealist painter Salvador Dali died in his native Spain at age 84.
Joan Miró
1986
The first artists are inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Among the first inductees were Ray Charles, James Brown, and Elvis Presley.
List of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductees
1978
Sweden becomes the first nation in the world to ban aerosol sprays, believed to be damaging to earth's ozone layer.
Montreal Protocol
1977
The TV mini-series "Roots," based on the Alex Haley novel, began airing on ABC.
Roots (1977 miniseries)
1973
President Nixon announced that an accord had been reached to end the Vietnam War.
Paris Peace Accords
1968
North Korea seized the U.S. Navy ship the USS Pueblo, charging it had intruded into the communist nation's territorial waters on a spying mission. The crew was held for 11 months.
USS Pueblo (AGER-2)
1964
The 24th amendment to the Constitution, eliminating the poll tax in federal elections, was ratified.
Twenty-fourth Amendment to the United States Constitution ...
1962
Tony Bennett recorded "I Left My Heart in San Francisco" in New York for Columbia Records.
I Left My Heart in San Francisco (album)
1960
The Trieste dives to a record depth of 10,911 meters (35,797 ft). Jacques Piccard and Don Walsh reached the bottom of Challenger Deep, the Earth's deepest known point.
Bathyscaphe Trieste
1957
Walter Frederick Morrison sells the rights to his flying disc to the Wham-O toy company. Today, the Frisbee is used around the world as both a toy and as part of flying disc games, such as Ultimate.
Walter Frederick Morrison
1950
Israel claims Jerusalem as its capital. Despite international protests, the Knesset passed a resolution stating that the divided city will be the country's capital.
Positions on Jerusalem
1937
Seventeen people went on trial in Moscow during Soviet leader Josef Stalin's Great Purge.
Great Purge
1932
New York Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.
1932 Democratic National Convention
1849
English-born Elizabeth Blackwell became the first woman in America to receive a medical degree, from the Medical Institution of Geneva, N.Y.
Elizabeth Blackwell
1789
Georgetown University was established in present-day Washington, D.C.
History of Georgetown University
1556
The deadliest earthquake on record kills some 830,000 people. The epicenter was in the Wei River Valley in Shaanxi Province, China.
1556 Shaanxi earthquake
1368
In a coronation ceremony, Zhu Yuanzhang ascends to the throne of China as the Hongwu Emperor, initiating Ming Dynasty rule over China that would last for three centuries.
Yongle Emperor