January 24th

2011
Jared Lee Loughner pleaded not guilty in Phoenix to federal charges he'd tried to kill U.S. Rep. Gabrielle Giffords and two of her aides in a Tucson shooting rampage that had claimed six lives.
Jared Lee Loughner
2008
French bank Societe Generale announced it had uncovered a $7.14 billion fraud by a single futures trader.
Goldman Sachs
2004
NASA's Opportunity rover landed on Mars three weeks after its identical twin, Spirit.
Mars Exploration Rover
2003
The new federal Department of Homeland Security officially opened as Tom Ridge was sworn in as secretary.
Tom Ridge
1995
The prosecution gave its opening statement in the O.J. Simpson murder trial.
O. J. Simpson murder case
1993
The first African-American to sit on the Supreme Court, Thurgood Marshall, died.
Thurgood Marshall
1990
Japan launches its first lunar probe. Hiten was the first robotic lunar probe since the Soviet Luna 24 in 1976 and the first deep space probe that executed an aerobraking maneuver.
Hiten
1989
Confessed serial killer Ted Bundy was executed in Florida's electric chair.
Ted Bundy
1987
Gunmen in Lebanon kidnapped educators Alann Steen, Jesse Turner, Robert Polhill and Mitheleshwar Singh. (All were later released.).
1986
The Voyager 2 space probe swept past Uranus, coming within 50,679 miles of the seventh planet from the sun.
1984
The Apple Macintosh computer goes on sale. The “Mac” was the first commercially successful personal computer using a graphical user interface and a mouse.
Macintosh
1972
Japanese soldier Shoichi Yokoi was discovered in Guam, having spent 28 years hiding in the jungle thinking World War II was still going on.
1972
1965
Former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill died in London at age 90.
Winston Churchill
1946
The United Nations General Assembly passes its fist resolution. Resolution 1 was passed to found the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission (UNAEC).
United Nations General Assembly
1943
President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill concluded a wartime conference in Casablanca, Morocco.
Casablanca Conference
1924
The Russian city of St. Petersburg was renamed Leningrad in honor of late revolutionary leader Vladimir Lenin.
Saint Petersburg
1908
Lieutenant General Robert Baden-Powell publishes 'Scouting for Boys' as a manual for self-instruction in outdoor skills and self-improvement. The book becomes the inspiration for the Scout Movement.
Scouting for Boys
1899
Rubber heel for boots or shoes patented by Humphrey O'Sullivan.
1946 New Year Honours
1857
The University of Calcutta is founded as the first full-fledged university in South Asia.
University of Calcutta
1848
The California Gold Rush begins. Some 300,000 people traveled to California after James W. Marshall had found gold at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California.
California Gold Rush
1835
Slaves stage a rebellion in Brazil to end slavery. The Malê Revolt was instrumental in ending slavery in Brazil.
Malê revolt
41
Roman emperor, Gaius Caesar, better known as Caligula (meaning Little Boot—he used to wear military boots as a child), was murdered.
Caligula