January 27th

J.D. Salinger, the reclusive author of "The Catcher in the Rye," died in Cornish, N.H. at age 91.
J. D. Salinger
First lady Hillary Rodham Clinton, appearing on NBC's "Today" show, said that allegations against her husband were the work of a "vast right-wing conspiracy.".
Vast right-wing conspiracy
The first shaft of the world's longest tunnel is completed. The Seikan Tunnel, 53.85 km (33.46 mi) in length, connects the Japanese islands of Honshu and Hokkaido.
Seikan Tunnel
US & North Vietnam's William Rogers & Nguyen Duy Trinh sign cease-fire, ending longest US war and miltary draft.
1973 in the United States
U.S., U.K. and Soviet Union sign the Outer Space Treaty. The treaty bans the deployment of nuclear weapons in outer space and limits the use of the Moon to peaceful purposes.
Outer Space Treaty
The U.S. Air Force started atomic testing in the Nevada desert.
Nevada Test Site
Soviet forces liberate Auschwitz. The German Nazi regime murdered over 1.1 million people in the extermination camps near Oświęcim, Poland.
Auschwitz concentration camp
The Soviet Union announced the end of the deadly German siege of Leningrad, which had lasted for more than two years.
Effect of the Siege of Leningrad on the city
Lenin placed in Mausoleum in Red Square, Moscow.
Lenin's Mausoleum
Broadway composer Jerome Kern was born in New York City.
Jerome Kern
Thomas Edison received a patent for his electric incandescent lamp.
Thomas Edison
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, who wrote "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland" under the pen name Lewis Carroll, was born in Cheshire, England.
Alice's Adventures in Wonderland
U.S. Congress approves Indian Territory (in what is present-day Oklahoma), clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the 'Trail of Tears.'.
Indian removal
Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Rashidun Caliphate, then the largest empire in history, ends with death of Ali. Succeeded by the Umayyad Caliphate.
Rashidun Caliphate