July 3rd

Coup in Egypt. Egyptian defense minister Abdul Fatah al-Sisi staged a coup and forced out President Mohamed Morsi, just over a year after he was elected.
2013 Egyptian coup d'état
British House of Commons annouces Stone of Scone, used in the coronation of Scottish and British monarchs, will be returned to Scotland after 600 years.
Stone of Scone
Iran Air flight 655 is shot down by a US Navy ship. The USS Vincennes mistakenly shot down the airplane en route to Dubai, killing all 290 people aboard. The Vincennes, a guided missile cruiser, incorrectly identified the plane as a military aircraft. In 1996, the United States government made a cash settlement with Iran in order to close the case Iran had brought against the US in the International Court of Justice.
Iran Air Flight 655
Algeria gains its independence from France. Algeria's independence from France, after 132 years of French rule, was finalized after the signing of the Évian Accords in the spa town of Évian-les-Bains. The accords ended a 7-year long voilent war of independence. Independence was finally achieved after the July 1, 1962, referendum favored complete Algerian independence. Ahmed Ben Bella became the first President of the country.
Algerian War
The U.S. Veterans Administration was created by Congress.
United States Department of Veterans Affairs
Idaho became the 43rd state in the United States.
Dow Jones publishes its 1st stock index, the Dow Jones Transportation Average.
Dow Jones Industrial Average
Battle of Gettysburg ends. The 3-day long battle during the American Civil War was fought between the Union and Confederacy in-and-around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Thought to be one of the bloodiest battles of the war – around 50,000 soldiers were lost on both sides – the Battle of Gettysburg marked a key turning point in the conflict. The decisive Union victory led to the retreat of Confederate soldiers from the north.
Battle of Gettysburg
The Great Auks go extinct. The last known pair of Great Auks, members of a species of flightless birds, were killed off the coast of Iceland at the request of a collector. It is believed that the extinction of these birds was caused by human activities and hunting due to the high demand for their feathers.
Great auk
Commander in chief George Washington took command of the Continental Army at Cambridge, Mass.
Siege of Boston
Samuel de Champlain founded the city of Quebec.
Samuel de Champlain
Battle of Horns of Hattin: Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, destroys Jerusalem's crusader army.
Siege of Jerusalem (1187)
Battle of Adrianople: Roman Emperor Constantine I defeats his co-emperor Licinius, who flees to Byzantium.
List of Byzantine emperors