July 5th

First Indonesian presidential election by the people - first round (eventually won by Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono).
Indonesian presidential election, 2004
Baseball great Ted Williams died.
Ted Williams
World's first live cloned mammal is born. Dolly the Sheep, a domestic ship was cloned using cells from an adult sheep by a team led by Ian Wilmut, Keith Campbell at the Roslin Institute. While her birth was considered to be a success for cloning science, she did not live very long – scientists had predicted that she would live for about 12 years, but she died just a few months short of her 7th birthday.
Dolly (sheep)
Armenian Constitution is adopted. A nation-wide referendum led to the approval and adoption of Armenia's constitution. The country had gained its independence after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Constitution of Armenia
Cape Verde gains independence from Portugal. The Island country had come under Portuguese colonial control in the late 15th century.
Cape Verde
Coup in Rwanda. Then Army Chief of staff, Juvénal Habyarimana, staged a coup and overthrew the President, Grégoire Kayibanda. Habyarimana then held the post of president for 20 years.
1973 Rwandan coup d'état
Elvis Presley recorded "That's All Right," his first commercial record.
The bikini swimsuit made its debut at a Paris fashion show.
US Secret Service begins operating under the Treasury Department.
United States Secret Service
Frederick Douglass, fugitive slave, delivers his 'What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?' speech to the Ladies' Anti-Slavery Society in Rochester, condemns the celebration as hypocritical sham.
The Hypocrisy of American Slavery
Venezuela declares independence from Spain. Under the leadership of Francisco de Miranda, Venezuela declared its independence from Spain. This started the Venezuelan War of Independence. The country gained independence 10 years later in 1821.
Venezuelan War of Independence
Isaac Newton's great work PRINCIPIA published by Royal Society in England. Outlines his laws of motion and universal gravitation.
Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica