July 13th

Iraq's interim governing council was inaugurated.
Iraqi Governing Council
Live Aid benefit concert. Held simultaneously in London and Philadelphia, the concert raised millions in benefit of those affected by famine in Ethiopia. Over a billion people tuned in around the world to watch the show.
Live Aid
Kinney, Minnesota declares its secession from the U.S. Frustrated by its failing water system, Kinney, Minnesota declared the creation of the Republic of Kinney and sent a letter of secession to the U.S. Secretary of State.
Kinney, Minnesota
The Battle of Kursk, the largest tank battle in history—involving some 6,000 tanks, 2,000,000 troops, and 4,000 aircraft—ended in German defeat.
Krispy Kreme Doughnuts is founded. The now-international doughnut company was founded by Kentuckian Vernon Rudolph.
Krispy Kreme
The first World Cup soccer competition began in Montevideo, Uruguay.
1930 FIFA World Cup
P. T. Barnum's American Museum, which had featured Tom Thumb and the original Siamese twins Chang and Eng, was destroyed by fire.
Barnum's American Museum
The draft riots, protesting unfair conscription in the Civil War, began in New York City.
Conscription in the United States
Source of Mississippi River discovered by American geographer Henry Schoolcraft.
Henry Schoolcraft
National military police of Italy created. The Carabinieri was established by the Royal Patents as a policing force with jurisdiction over the military and civilians.
French revolutionary Jean Paul Marat was stabbed to death in his bath by royalist sympathizer Charlotte Corday.
Jean-Paul Marat
Captain James Cook begins 2nd voyage aboard the Resolution to the South Seas to search for Terra Australis (Southern continent).
Second voyage of James Cook