July 16th

Martha Stewart was sentenced to five months in prison and five months of home confinement by a federal judge for lying about a stock sale.
Martha Stewart
John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife, Carolyn, and her sister died when the single-engine plane Kennedy was piloting plunged into the Atlantic Ocean near Martha's Vineyard, Mass.
Kennedy curse
Amazon.com Sells its First Book. The e-commerce website was first founded in 1995 by Jeff Bezos as an online bookstore. The first book sold by the Internet giant was Fluid Concepts and Creative Analogies: Computer Models of the Fundamental Mechanisms of Thought by Douglas Hofstadter.
Comet Shoemaker–Levy 9 collides with Jupiter. The Jupiter orbiting comet collided with Jupiter. It was the first time in recorded history that astronomers had observed a collision between two celestial objects.
Comet Shoemaker–Levy 9
Mahathir bin Mohamad takes office for the first time. Mohmad, took office as the fourth Prime Minister of Malaysia and remained in the position until 2003, becoming Malayasia's longest serving prime minister and Asia's longest serving politician.
Mahathir Mohamad
Ronald Reagan won the Republican presidential nomination at the party's convention in Detroit.
1980 Republican National Convention
Iraqi president, Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr resigns. The fourth president of Iraq resigned from his post citing health reasons and promoted his Vice President, Saddam Hussein to the post of President.
Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr
Former White House aide Alexander P. Butterfield publicly revealed the existence of President Richard Nixon's secret taping system during the Senate Watergate hearings.
Nixon White House tapes
Apollo 11 blasted off from Cape Kennedy on the first manned mission to the moon.
Apollo program
In accepting the Republican presidential nomination in San Francisco, Barry M. Goldwater said "extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice" and "moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue.".
Barry Goldwater presidential campaign, 1964
Marine Maj. John Glenn set a transcontinental speed record when he flew a jet from California to New York in 3 hours, 23 minutes and 8 seconds.
Transcontinental flight
The Catcher in the Rye is published. The book, written by J.D. Salinger is considered to be one of the top 100 works of fiction of the 20th century.
The Catcher in the Rye
The first atomic bomb was tested in Alamogordo, N.M.
Trinity (nuclear test)
The first parking meters were installed in Oklahoma City.
Parking meter
A Bolshevik firing squad at Ekaterinburg, Siberia, executes Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and his family.
Execution of the Romanov family
Battle of Bull Run, the 1st major battle of the Civil War, is fought.
First Battle of Bull Run
La Paz, Bolivia declares its independence from the Spanish Crown and forms the Junta Tuitiva. The first independent government in Spanish America, led by Pedro Domingo Murillo.
The District of Columbia was established as the seat of the United States government.
History of Washington, D.C.
Public debate between Martin Luther & theologist John Eck at Pleissenburg Castle in Liepzig, Luther denies the divine right of the Pope.
Leipzig Debate
Three Roman legates fracture relations between Western and Eastern Christian churches by placing invalid Papal Bull of Excommunication on altar of Hagia Sophia during liturgy. Often dated start of the East-West Schism.
Timeline of Christianity
Muslim Era begins - Muhammad begins flight from Mecca to Medina (Hijra).