July 19th

Summoned by British lawmakers to answer for a phone hacking and bribery scandal at one of his tabloids, media mogul Rupert Murdoch said he was humbled and ashamed, but accepted no responsibility for wrongdoing.
News International phone hacking scandal
President George W. Bush announced his choice of federal appeals court judge John Roberts to replace Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor.
George W. Bush Supreme Court candidates
President Clinton announced the 'Don't ask, don't tell' policy regarding gays in the military.
Don't ask, don't tell
A United Air Lines DC-10 crashed while making an emergency landing at Sioux City, Iowa, killing 112 people; 184 survived.
List of accidents and incidents involving commercial aircraft ...
Caroline Kennedy, daughter of President John F. Kennedy, married Edwin A. Schlossberg.
Caroline Kennedy
Congresswoman Geraldine A. Ferraro of New York won the Democratic nomination for vice president at the party's convention in San Francisco.
Geraldine Ferraro
The Summer Olympics began in Moscow with dozens of nations boycotting because of Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan.
Friendship Games
The Nicaraguan capital of Managua fell to Sandinista guerrillas.
Sandinista National Liberation Front
Apollo 11, with Neil Armstrong, Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin and Michael Collins on board, went into orbit around the moon.
Apollo 11
Fifty year-old singer Frank Sinatra married 21-year-old actress Mia Farrow.
Mia Farrow
Winston Churchill was the first to use the two-finger 'V is for Victory' sign.
V sign
George McGovern, a U.S. senator and the Democratic presidential candidate in 1972, was born in Avon, S.D.
George McGovern
Billboard publishes earliest known "Last Week's 10 Best Sellers among Popular Songs" Malinda's Wedding Day is #1.
The first Tour de France comes to an end. Maurice Garin became the first person to win the debut of the now annual bike race.
1903 Tour de France
Paris Metro opens. One of the densest metros in the world and the second largest metro in Europe, the first line of the Paris Metro opened during the World's Fair.
Paris Métro
Franco-Prussian War starts. The war involving France, under Napoleon and the Kingdom of Prussia began with French declaration of war. The war lasted for 9 months and ended with a German victory.
Franco-Prussian War
Tennessee is 1st to ratify 14th Amendment to the US constitution, guaranteeing civil rights.
Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution
Seneca Falls Convention begins. One of the first women's rights convention to be held in American history, the two-day convention attracted 300 women and men who protested the social, economic, and political discrimination American women faced.
Seneca Falls Convention
Brunel's steamship the SS Great Britain is launched, becomes first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller and the largest vessel afloat in the world.
SS Great Britain
Astronomer Johannes Kepler has an epiphany and develops his theory of the geometrical basis of the universe.
Johannes Kepler
Mary I replaces Lady Jane Grey as Queen of England. Also known as Bloody Mary due to her brutal persecution of Protestants, Mary I was the only child of Catherine of Aragon and Henry III.
Lady Jane Grey