The first group of Berlin women start clearing the rubble of World War II. In Germany, the Trümmerfrauen are a well-known symbol for a new beginning after the total desolation in the aftermath of the war, and for the Wirtschaftswunder, the rapid reconstruction of Germany's economy through hard labor.
The British explorer James Clark Ross discovers the North Magnetic Pole. It is the location where the Earth's magnetic field points directly downwards. It lies in the vicinity of the Geographic North Pole.