June 17th

Hundreds of same-sex couples got married across California on the first full day that gay marriage became legal by order of the state's highest court. (However, California voters banned gay marriage in November.).
Same-sex marriage in California
Australian scientists announced that they had "teleported" a laser beam—breaking it up and reconstructing it in another location.
2011 in science
After leading police on a chase through Southern California, O.J. Simpson was arrested and charged with murder in the slayings of his ex-wife, Nicole, and Ronald Goldman.
O. J. Simpson murder case
The arrest of five White House operatives sets off the Watergate scandal. The men were caught attempting to wiretap the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex. The scandal ultimately led to U.S. President Richard Nixon's resignation.
Watergate scandal
The Supreme Court struck down rules requiring the recitation of the Lord's Prayer or the reading of Biblical verses in public schools.
Abington School District v. Schempp
Soviet ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev defected to the West while his troupe was in Paris.
Rudolf Nureyev
Iceland becomes a republic. The Nordic island country had previously been included in the Norwegian and Danish monarchies. The republic's first President was Sveinn Björnsson.
History of Iceland
The three Baltic states fall under Soviet occupation. While the world's attention was focused on the recent German invasion of Paris, the Soviet Union annexed Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.
Soviet occupation of the Baltic states
Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly across the Atlantic. Wilmer Stultz piloted the Fokker F.VII aircraft, Earhart kept the flight log.They arrived at Burry Port in Wales, the United Kingdom, 20 hours and 40 minutes later
Amelia Earhart
The Statue of Liberty arrives in New York. Hundreds of thousands of spectators welcomed the emblematic statue, which was a gift to the United States from the people of France and has become one of the country's most recognized symbols.
Statue of Liberty
Republican Party opens its 1st national convention in Philadelphia.
1856 Republican National Convention
The Third Estate in France declared itself a national assembly and undertook to frame a constitution.
What Is the Third Estate?
The Battle of Bunker Hill took place near Boston during the Revolutionary War.
Battle of Bunker Hill
Mumtaz Mahal dies during childbirth. Her husband, Mughal emperor Shah Jahan I, then spends more than 20 years building her tomb, the Taj Mahal.
Origins and architecture of the Taj Mahal
Sir Francis Drake lands on coast of California at Drakes Bay, names it "New Albion".
New Albion
After 200 years of crusader control, Acre is the last crusader stronghold reconquered and destroyed by the Mamluks under Sultan al-Ashraf Khalil.
Kingdom of Jerusalem
Ali ibn Abu Talib chosen kalief of Islam.
Ali as Caliph