March 12th

The Arab League asked the U.N. Security Council to impose a no-fly zone to protect Libyan rebels.
2011 military intervention in Libya
Disgraced financier Bernard Madoff pleaded guilty in New York to pulling off perhaps the biggest swindle in Wall Street history.
New York Gov. Eliot Spitzer resigned two days after reports had surfaced that he was a client of a prostitution ring.
Roger Stone
Elizabeth Smart, a 15-year-old girl who'd vanished from her bedroom nine months earlier, was found alive in a Salt Lake City suburb with two drifters.
Elizabeth Smart kidnapping
The U.N. Security Council approved a U.S.-sponsored resolution endorsing a Palestinian state for the first time.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 242
The Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland joined NATO.
Enlargement of NATO
The Church of England ordained women priests for the first time in 460 years.
List of the first 32 women ordained as Church of England priests ...
Janet Reno was sworn in as the first female attorney general of the United States.
Janet Reno
The musical "Les Miserables" opened on Broadway.
Les Misérables (musical)
A Chicago jury found John Wayne Gacy Jr. guilty of the murders of 33 men and boys.
John Wayne Gacy
Rock musician Paul McCartney of the Beatles married Linda Eastman in London.
Linda McCartney
Suharto rises to power in Indonesia. His presidency, which lasted 31 years, was overshadowed by crass human rights violations and the occupation of East Timor.
The cartoon "Dennis the Menace" by Hank Ketcham made its syndicated debut in 16 newspapers.
Dennis the Menace (U.S. comics)
The Truman doctrine is proclaimed. In his speech before Congress, U.S. President Harry S. Truman defined his foreign relations priorities, which included military and economic support to Turkey and Greece to prevent the spread of communism there.
Truman Doctrine
Pope Pius XII was crowned at the Vatican.
Pope Pius XII
Hitler invades Austria. The occupation of Hitler's homeland is known as Anschluss, which is the German word for annexation.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave the first of his nation-wide "fireside chats" on radio.
Fireside chats
Mahatma Gandhi embarks on his Salt March. The 240-mile march was an act of civil disobedience to protest the British monopoly on salt. It was one of the most significant events during the Indian independence movement.
Salt March
Moscow becomes Russia's capital city. St. Petersburg lost its status as the Russian capital following the Revolution of 1917, which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy.
The Girl Guides, the forerunner of the Girl Scouts of America, was founded.
Girl Scouts of the USA
Ulysses S. Grant was promoted to the rank of general-in-chief of the Union armies in the Civil War by President Abraham Lincoln.
Ulysses S. Grant and the American Civil War
Congress accepts Pre-emption Bill: free land in West for colonists.
Preemption Act of 1841
First record of Johann Gutenberg's Bible, letter dated this day by Enea Silvio Piccolomini refers to the bible printed a year before.
Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths, ends his siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of the victorious Roman general, Belisarius.
Siege of Rome (537–538)