March 13th

2013
Pope Francis succeeds Pope Benedict XVI. Jorge Mario Bergoglio from Argentina became the 266th leader of the Catholic Church, which has 1.2 billion members around the world.
Pope Benedict XVI
2012
The Encyclopaedia Britannica discontinued its print edition after 244 years.
Encyclopædia Britannica
2003
The journal Nature reports that 350,000-year-old footprints of an upright-walking human have been found in Italy.
2003 in science
1997
A series of unidentified lights appear over Phoenix, Arizona. The Phoenix Lights caused heated debate in the UFO community. It emerged later that some of the lights were caused by illumination flares dropped from a U.S. Air Force plane.
Phoenix Lights
1996
A gunman opened fire on a class of kindergarteners at an elementary school in Dunblane, Scotland, killing 16 children and one teacher before killing himself.
Dunblane massacre
1972
Britain and China resumed full diplomatic relations after 22 years. Britain withdrew its consulate from Taiwan.
Dates of establishment of diplomatic relations with the People's ...
1969
Apollo 9 returned to Earth after a mission to test the lunar module.
Apollo 9
1964
Kitty Genovese, 28, was stabbed to death near her Queens, New York, home. The case came to be a symbol of urban apathy, though initial reports that 38 neighbors ignored Genovese's calls for help have been disputed.
March 1964
1943
German troops liquidate the Jewish ghetto in Kraków. Thousands of men, women and children were murdered by the nazis or deported to extermination camps. The horrific event is portrayed in the film, Schindler's List.
Kraków Ghetto
1938
Defense attorney Clarence S. Darrow died at age 80.
Clarence Darrow
1933
Banks began to re-open after a holiday declared by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Emergency Banking Act
1930
Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory.
Clyde Tombaugh
1925
Tennessee passed a bill prohibiting the teaching of evolution in public schools.
Butler Act
1906
Suffragist Susan B. Anthony died.
Susan B. Anthony
1903
Fall of the Sokoto Caliphate in Northern Nigeria, the British claim supremacy of over 500,000 square miles.
1901
Benjamin Harrison, the 23rd president of the United States, died in Indianaoplis at age 67.
Benjamin Harrison
1884
Siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins by Mahdist forces, lasts 10 months.
Siege of Khartoum
1868
The impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson began in the U.S. Senate.
Impeachment of Andrew Johnson
1852
'Uncle Sam' made his debut as a cartoon character in the New York Lantern.
List of vaudeville performers: A–K
1845
Felix Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto is premiered. The German composer's opus 64 is one of the most frequently performed violin concertos in history.
Violin Concerto (Mendelssohn)
1781
Uranus is discovered. German-born British astronomer William Herschel is credited with the planet's discovery. It is the third largest planet by radius in the solar system.
Uranus
1639
New College was renamed Harvard College for clergyman John Harvard.
John Harvard (clergyman)
1591
Battle at Tondibi: Moroccan army under Judar defeats Sultan Askia Ishaq II of Songhai.
Battle of Tondibi
624
Battle of Badr: Muhammad's Muslim forces win significant victory over Meccan army.
Battle of Badr