Former Democratic vice presidential candidate Geraldine Ferraro, the first female major party nominee for the office, died at age 75.
Former Sen. Daniel Patrick Moynihan, D-N.Y., died at age 76.
Daniel Patrick Moynihan
Vladimir Putin is elected President of Russia. The ex-KGB officer has been lauded for leading Russia out of the 1990 economic crisis and criticized for building a regime that many have described as authoritarian and undemocratic.
Russian presidential election, 2000
Dr. Jack Kevorkian was convicted of second-degree murder for giving a lethal injection to an ailing man whose death was shown on "60 Minutes.".
The bodies of 39 members of the Heaven's Gate techno-religious cult who had committed suicide were found inside a mansion in Rancho Santa Fe, Calif.
Heaven's Gate (religious group)
The Schengen Agreement enters into force. Within the Schengen Area, which encompasses most of Europe, regular border checks have been abolished.
A judge in Indianapolis sentenced former heavyweight boxing champion Mike Tyson to six years in prison for raping a Miss Black America contestant.
4 South American countries establish Mercosur. Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, and Paraguay were the founding members of the Southern Common Market.
Groundbreaking ceremonies for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial took place in Washington, DC.
Vietnam Veterans Memorial
The Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty is signed. Egypt's President Anwar al-Sadat and Israel's Prime Minister Menachem Begin signed the treaty, which ended 30 years of war between the 2 countries.
Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty
The Biological Weapons Convention comes into effect. The treaty bans the development, production and stockpiling of biological and toxin weapons. It has now been ratified by most countries worldwide.
Biological Weapons Convention
East Pakistan proclaimed its independence, taking the name Bangladesh.
Bangladesh Liberation War
The musical "Funny Girl," starring Barbra Streisand, opened on Broadway.
Funny Girl (musical)
Dr Jonas Salk announces vaccine to prevent polio.
The battle of Iwo Jima ended. About 22,000 Japanese troops were killed or captured in the fighting and more than 4,500 U.S. troops were killed.
Battle of Saipan
First "Eichmann transport" to Auschwitz & Birkenau concentration camps.
Playwright Tennessee Williams was born in Columbus, Miss.
In support of Mohammed Ali Shah's coup d'etat against the constitutional government in Persia, a Russian military force invades northern Persia to relieve the siege of Tabriz.
Persian Constitutional Revolution
Poet Walt Whitman died at age 72.
The Eastman Dry Plate and Film Co. of Rochester, N.Y., manufactured the first commercial motion picture film.
Poet Robert Frost was born in San Francisco.
Municipal elections bring revolutionaries to power in Paris to form Commune government.
Composer Ludwig van Beethoven died in Vienna, Austria, at age 56.
Ludwig van Beethoven
Earthquake destroys 90% of Caracas, Venezuela; about 20,000 die.
John XIX crowns Conrad II Holy Roman Emperor, founder of the Salian dynasty.
Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor