March 30th

2009
President Barack Obama asserted unprecedented government control over the auto industry, rejecting GM and Chrysler's restructuring plans and engineering the ouster of GM's chief executive, Rick Wagoner..
Effects of the 2008–10 automotive industry crisis on the United States
2006
American reporter Jill Carroll, a freelancer for The Christian Science Monitor, was released after 82 days as a hostage in Iraq.
Jill Carroll
2002
The Queen Mother Elizabeth of England died at the age of 101.
Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother
1999
A jury in Portland, Ore., ordered Philip Morris to pay $81 million to the family of a man who died of lung cancer after smoking Marlboros for four decades.
List of killings by law enforcement officers in the United States prior ...
1995
Pope John Paul II issued an encyclical condemning abortion and euthanasia as crimes that no human laws could legitimize.
Evangelium vitae
1981
U.S. President Ronald Reagan is shot. A lone gunman opened fire outside a hotel in Washington D.C. The mentally ill assassin claimed his only motive was to become famous.
Attempted assassination of Ronald Reagan
1976
Thousands of Palestinians protest against Israel's massive land expropriation. In the event, which is annually commemorated on Land Day, 6 protesters were killed and scores injured by Israeli police.
Land Day
1972
Northern Ireland's Government and Parliament dissolved by the British Government and 'direct rule' from Westminster is introduced.
Parliament of Northern Ireland
1964
Jeopardy! is aired for the first time. The program, which is still on the air today, is one of the world's most popular game shows.
Jeopardy!
1959
Dalai Lama flees China and is granted political asylum in India.
14th Dalai Lama
1945
The Soviet Union invaded Austria during World War II.
Allied-occupied Austria
1870
The 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution went into effect, guaranteeing the right to vote regardless of race.
Fifteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution
1867
Secretary of State William H. Seward reached agreement with Russia to purchase Alaska for $7.2 million, a deal roundly ridiculed as 'Seward's Folly.'.
1865
The Treaty of Paris is signed, ending the Crimean War. Russia lost the war to a coalition of the Ottoman Empire, France, Britain, and Sardinia.
Treaty of Paris (1856)
1856
The Treaty of Paris was signed, ending the Crimean War.
Treaty of Paris (1856)
1842
Anesthesia was used for the first time in an operation.
History of general anesthesia
1822
Florida became a U.S. territory.
Florida Territory