May 10th

President Barack Obama nominated Solicitor General Elena Kagan to the Supreme Court.
Elena Kagan
Jenna Bush, daughter of President George W. Bush, married Henry Hager at the Bush family ranch in Crawford, Texas.
Jenna Bush Hager
Germany dedicated a national Holocaust memorial.
Holocaust Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe
The New York Times announced that one of its reporters, Jayson Blair, had "committed frequent acts of journalistic fraud.".
The New York Times
A 39-day standoff between Israeli troops and Palestinian gunmen at the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem ended with 13 suspected militants flown into European exile and 26 released into the Gaza Strip.
Siege of the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem
Nelson Mandela becomes South Africa's first black president. Mandela's inauguration came after more than 300 years of white rule. Before becoming president, he was a pivotal figure in the fight against the racist apartheid regime and was incarcerated for 27 years.
Presidency of Nelson Mandela
US atomic sub USS Triton completes 1st submerged circumnavigation of the globe.
USS Triton (SSRN-586)
Bill Haley releases “Rock Around the Clock”. It was the first rock song to top the Billboard charts and has become a classic of the early rock era.
Rock Around the Clock
Adolf Hitler's deputy, Rudolf Hess, parachutes into Scotland to broker a peace agreement. Hess was captured and interrogated. He was the last in a long line of prominent figures to be incarcerated in the Tower of London. Hitler characterized his peace mission four years before the end of World War II as treason.
Walter Schellenberg
British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain resigned, and Winston Churchill formed a new government.
Norway Debate
Nazis ceremonially burn about 25,000 allegedly “un-German” books. The book burnings were part of the right-wing German Student Union's Action against the Un-German Spirit. Among the burnt books were works by Albert Einstein, Bertolt Brecht, Sigmund Freud, and Franz Kafka.
List of book-burning incidents
J. Edgar Hoover was appointed director of the federal Bureau of Investigation - the forerunner of the FBI - a job he held until his death in 1972.
J. Edgar Hoover
The first Mother's Day observance took place during church services in Grafton, W.Va., and Philadelphia.
Mother's Day (United States)
Actor-dancer Fred Astaire was born in Omaha, Neb.
Fred Astaire
In the United States, the first coast to coast railroad is completed. The Central Pacific and Union Pacific railroad systems were joined at Promontory Summit in Utah, using a “Golden Spike”. This last spike is now housed in the Cantor Arts Museum at Stanford University.
First Transcontinental Railroad
Union forces captured Confederate President Jefferson Davis in Irwinville, Ga.
Jefferson Davis
Confederate General Stonewall Jackson died after being accidentally shot by his own troops.
Stonewall Jackson
Indian Mutiny begins with revolt of Sepoys in Meerut.
Indian Rebellion of 1857
First Barbary War: The Barbary pirates of Tripoli declare war on the United States of America (1st US foreign war).
First Barbary War
Second Continental Congress convenes in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and issues paper currency for 1st time.
Continental Congress
Louis XVI ascended the throne of France.
Louis XVI of France