October 4th

John Walker Lindh, the "American Taliban," received a 20-year sentence.
John Walker Lindh
Authorities confirmed a tabloid editor in Florida had contracted anthrax. He died the next day.
2001 anthrax attacks
End of the Mozambican Civil War. The 15-year long civil war was fought between the Mozambique Resistance Movement and the Mozambican government. The conflict, which began in 1977, just a couple of years after the War of Independence against the Portuguese, resulted in massive losses of human life and property. The civil war ended with the signing of the Rome General Peace Accords by both of the warring parties.
Mozambican Civil War
The German parliament met for the first time since the reunification of Germany.
History of Germany since 1990
Rock singer Janis Joplin was found dead of a drug overdose at age 27.
Janis Joplin
Lesotho independence. Lesotho gained independence from British rule.
History of Lesotho
Pope Paul VI made the first visit to the Western Hemisphere by a reigning pope. He came to New York to address the UN General Assembly.
Pope Paul VI
World's first artificial satellite launched. The Soviet Union launched the Sputnik from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Baikonur Cosmodrome is the world’s oldest and largest space launch facility still in operation. The successful launch of Sputnik spurred the Space Race – a race between Cold War rivals USSR and US to gain supremacy in spaceflight.
Sputnik 1
In a final confrontation, some 4000 Ashantis are defeated by the British in Gold Coast (Ghana).
African military systems (1800–1900)
First US Open for Golf. The now annual event was played at the Newport Country Club in Newport, Rhode Island, for the first time. 11 people played the 36-hole competition in a single day. Horace Rawlins, a 21-year old Englishman won the tournament and took home a trophy and $150 cash.
1895 U.S. Open (golf)
The International Herald Tribune was published for the first time.
International Herald Tribune
Orient Express' 1st run, linking Turkey to Europe by rail.
Orient Express
Last day of the Julian Calendar in Catholic countries. The next day, the Gregorian calendar took effect in Italy, Poland, Portugal, and Spain by the order of Pope Gregory XIII. The calendar was put in place to realign events like equinoxes and solstices with the calendar, ensuring that Easter is always celebrated around the Northern Hemisphere's spring equinox. Because of the new calendar, several days were skipped, and October 4 was followed by October 15. Today, the Gregorian calendar is the most used calendar around the world.
Gregorian calendar
The first complete English-language Bible (the Matthew Bible) is printed, with translations by William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale.
Myles Coverdale