October 8th

A 7.6 magnitude earthquake centered in the Pakistani-controlled part of the Kashmir region killed more than 80,000 and injured 65,000.
Martha Stewart began her prison sentence at Alderson Federal Prison Camp.
Martha Stewart
U.S. President George W. Bush announces the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security.
United States Department of Homeland Security
The first perfect game in Major League Baseball World Series. New York Yankees’ Don Larsen pitched the only no-hitter game against the Brooklyn Dodgers in the history of the World Series.
Don Larsen's perfect game
World’s first internal pacemaker implanted. A 43-year-old man called Arne Larsson was the recipient of the pacemaker which worked only for a few hours. However, Larsson lived long after the pacemaker stopped working. He died in 2001 at the age of 86.
Artificial cardiac pacemaker
President Harry Truman announced the U.S. would share the secret of the atomic bomb only with Great Britain and Canada.
Atomic Energy Act of 1946
Bruno Hauptmannn was indicted for the murder of Charles Lindbergh's baby.
Richard Hauptmann
World’s first transcontinental air race. 63 airplanes – 15 from San Francisco and 48 from New York – took part in this 5400-mile round-trip race. The winner, Lieutenant Belvin Maynard, took 3 days and 21 hours to return to New York.
Air racing
Leon Trotsky named chairman of the Petrograd Soviet as Bolsheviks gain control.
Petrograd Soviet
Battle of Loos, almost 430,000 French, British & Germans killed.
Battle of Loos
First Balkan war begins. Montenegro started the conflict by declaring war on the Ottoman Empire. A few days later Greece, Bulgaria, and Serbia joined the war and created the Balkan League. The 7-month long war ended with a decisive Balkan League victory. Dissatisfaction over the spoils of the war led to the Second Balkan War a year later.
First Balkan War
Great Chicago fire begins. The fire that destroyed most of Chicago’s business district began in a barn on the evening of October 8, 1871. A very dry summer and an early autumn fanned the fire, which raged for 2 days. It killed over 300 people and destroyed property worth millions of dollars.
Great Chicago Fire
The 14th president of the United States, Franklin Pierce, died in Concord, N.H.
Franklin Pierce
Otto von Bismarck becomes Chancellor of the German Empire.
Otto von Bismarck
The Second Opium War or second Anglo-Chinese War: begins with the Arrow Incident on the Pearl River.
Second Opium War
Great standing on the Ugra river, standoff between forces of Akhmat Khan, Khan of the Great Horde, and Ivan III Grand Prince of all Rus, Tataro-Mongols retreat, leds to disintegration of the Horde.
Great stand on the Ugra river