October 12th

2002
A bomb destroyed a nightclub in Bali, killing 202, mostly tourists.
2002 Bali bombings
2000
17 U.S. sailors killed with the terrorist attack on the USS Cole in Yemen.
USS Cole bombing
1999
The Day of Six Billion: the proclaimed 6 billionth living human in the world is born.
Wikipedia:Wikipedia Signpost/Single/2015-01-28
1979
Douglas Adam’s Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy Hits the Bookstores. The first in a “trilogy of five”, the Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, or H2G2, is a popular comedy science fiction novel that was first created as a radio show in 1978 for BBC Radio 4. The show and the book follow the intergalactic adventures of Arthur Dent, who escapes the Earth’s destruction. He is accompanied by several other characters including an alien called Ford Prefect, Marvin the depressed robot, and the Vogons who are responsible for destroying the Earth.
The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy
1968
Equatorial Guinea Gains Independence. The African republic was part of the Spanish Empire since the late 1700s. Known as Spanish Guinea, the country became independent and changed its name to Equatorial Guinea under the leadership of President Francisco Macías Nguema. In 1972, Nguema proclaimed himself president for life.
History of Equatorial Guinea
1964
First Multi Person Space Flight. Soviet spacecraft Voskhod 1 carried 3 cosmonauts for the first time to space. It was also the first time the crew did not wear any space suits for the duration of the flight.
Voskhod 1
1960
Nikita Khrushchev's Famous Shoe Pounding Incident. The First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union removed his shoe and pounded it on the table during a UN General Assembly meeting in New York. The incident was thought to be a response to comments about freedoms in Eastern Europe made by the Filipino delegate, Lorenzo Sumulong.
Shoe-banging incident
1915
Ford Motor Company under Henry Ford manufactures its 1 millionth Model T automobile.
Ford Model T
1870
Gen. Robert E. Lee died in Lexington, Va., at age 63.
Robert E. Lee
1492
Christopher Columbus Steps Foot on the New World. Two months after he had set sail from Spain with crews on 3 ships – the Santa María, the Pinta, and the Santa Clara, Columbus spotted land that he believed was Japan. He had, in fact, stepped foot on what is now the Bahamas. Claiming that he was the first one to set sight on the lands, he declared the lands as being owned by the Spanish empire.
Christopher Columbus
1279
Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, founder of Nichiren Buddhism, inscribes the Dai-Gohonzon.
Dai Gohonzon