October 13th

Mauritanian President injured. Mauritanian President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz was shot at and injured. Oficial reports suggest that he was mistakenly shot by the military.
Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
Chilean Miners Rescued. The last of the miners trapped in the San José copper–gold mine in Copiapó, Chile, were rescued after 69 days. The ordeal began on August 5, 2010, when the walls of the 121-year old mine collapsed and trapped 33 miners. All of the miners were rescued safely by the Chilean government with the help of the international community.
2010 Copiapó mining accident
Egypt's vice president Hosni Mubarak was elected president, one week after Anwar Sadat's assassination.
Hosni Mubarak
Ed Sullivan died in New York City at age 72.
Ed Sullivan
Paddington Bear Makes His Debut. The popular children’s literature character first appeared in English author Michael Bond's illustrated book, A Bear Called Paddington. Paddington is a polite Peruvian spectacle bear with a special fondness for marmalade. The success of the first book was followed by 20 more books featuring the lovable bear and a successful toy franchise.
Paddington Bear
US 1st army begins battle of Aachen, first German city captured during WWII.
Battle of Aachen
Italy declared war on Germany, its former Axis partner, during World War II.
Allies of World War II
Boston defeated Pittsburgh in the first World Series.
1903 World Series
Greenwich in London established as the universal time meridian of longitude.
Prime meridian (Greenwich)
The Jewish organization B'nai B'rith was founded.
B'nai B'rith
Construction of the White House Begins. The office and residence of the President of the United States was designed by Irish architect James Hoban. It took 8 years for it to become livable and President John Adams became the first president to occupy the building on November 1, 1800.
White House
The Continental Congress authorized the construction of a naval fleet.
Continental Navy
First Spiral Galaxy Discovered. French astronomer, Charles Messier, discovered the Whirlpool Galaxy. Also known as Messier 51a, the galaxy is about 30 million light-years from Earth. A spiral galaxy is a type of galaxy where stars, gasses, and other cosmic dust particles rotate or revolve in a spiral around a central bulge. Astronomers think that the bulge consists of a black hole.
Whirlpool Galaxy
French King Philip IV has Grand Master Jacques de Molay and Knights Templar arrested and charged of idolatry and corruption.
Jacques de Molay
Nero succeeds Claudius as Roman Emperor.
Emperor Claudius