October 16th

The White House announced that North Korea had disclosed the existence of a secret nuclear weapons program.
Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
Twelve Senate offices were closed when a letter to Sen. Tom Daschle was found to contain anthrax.
2001 anthrax attacks
Former Chilean dictator General Augusto Pinochet is arrested in London on a Spanish warrant requesting his extradition on murder charges.
Indictment and arrest of Augusto Pinochet
Hundreds of thousands of black men gathered in Washington for the 'Million Man March' led by Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan.
Million Man March
First Person to Scale all Eight-Thousanders. Italian Mountaineer, Reinhold Messner, scaled the Lhotse, in Nepal. It is the world’s 4th tallest peak, and it is one of the 14 eight-thousanders – mountains that are more than 8000 meters above sea level.
First Non-Italian to Win the Papacy since 1523. Karol Józef Wojtyła, the Archbishop of Kraków, won the papal elections that were held after his predecessor Pope John Paul I died after only 33 days in office. As Pope, Wojtyła took on the name of John Paul II. He was the second-longest serving pope in modern history, after Pope Pius IX, who was in office for over 31 years.
Pope John Paul II
First Chinese Nuclear Test. Codenamed Chic-1 or 596, the 22 kiloton uranium fission device was dropped at Lop Nur. With this test, China became the fifth nuclear power state in the World. The other four are the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, and France. Israel is thought to have nuclear weapons, however, they do not publicly admit the fact.
596 (nuclear test)
The Cuban Missile Crisis began.
Cuban Missile Crisis
Food and Agriculture Organization established. The Food and Agriculture Organization, popularly known as the FAO was established in Quebec City, Canada.
Food and Agriculture Organization
Mao Zedong & 25,000 troops begin 6,000 mile Long March.
Long March
The Walt Disney Company is Founded. A leader in the international entertainment industry, the company was created by brothers Walt and Roy as the Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio. Today, the company is synonymous with cartoon and animated movies and characters.
The Walt Disney Company
Margaret Sanger opened the first birth-control clinic in New York City.
Margaret Sanger
Great Britain and Germany sign the Anglo-German Treaty, agreeing to maintain territorial integrity of China and support 'open door' policy called for by US Secretary of State.
International relations of the Great Powers (1814–1919)
Abolitionist John Brown and his men captured the U.S. arsenal at Harper's Ferry.
John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry
Battle of Leipzig, largest battle in Europe prior to WWI, Napoleon's forces defeated by Prussia, Austria & Russia.
Battle of Leipzig
French queen Marie Antoinette was guillotined for treason.
Marie Antoinette