October 22nd

2008
India Launches its First Lunar Mission. The unmade space probe called Chandrayaan-1 was launched by the Indian Space Research Organisation. The probe successfully landed on the Moon on November 14, 2008, making India the 5th country to land a spacecraft on the Moon.
Chandrayaan-1
1979
Muhammad Reza Shah Pahlevi, the deposed Shah of Iran, was allowed in the United States for medical treatment. This action led to the Iran hostage crisis.
Mohammad Reza Shah of Iran
1973
Spanish cellist, conductor, and composer Pablo Casals died in Puerto Rico, at age 96.
Pablo Casals
1962
President Kennedy announced an air and naval blockade of Cuba, following the discovery of Soviet missile bases on the island.
Cuban Missile Crisis
1957
François Duvalier takes office. François Duvalier, also known as Papa Doc, became the President of Haiti.
François Duvalier
1954
West Germany joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
London and Paris Conferences
1936
End of the Long March in China. The Long March, a 6000-mile journey made by members of the Red Army led by Mao Zedong came to an end. The March was undertaken as a way to escape the Nationalist army of Chiang Kai-shek. The end of the March is also known in China as the “union of the three armies”.
Long March
1907
Panic of 1907: A run on Knickerbocker Trust Company stock leads to US wide run on banks.
Panic of 1907
1884
International Meridian Conference in Washington, D.C. adopts Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) worldwide, creating 24 international time zones with longitude zero at the Greenwich meridian.
International Meridian Conference
1879
Thomas Edison perfects carbonized cotton filament light bulb.
Incandescent light bulb
1836
Sam Houston was inaugurated as the first president of the Republic of Texas.
Republic of Texas presidential election, 1836
1797
Andre-Jacques Garnerin made the first parachute jump from a balloon.
André-Jacques Garnerin
1779
First Person to Jump With a Parachute. French balloonist André-Jacques Garnerin jumped out of a balloon over Parc Monceau in Paris using a silk parachute that he made himself.
Albert Berry (parachutist)
1721
Tsar Peter the Great becomes 'All-Russian Imperator'.
Peter the Great
1633
Battle of Liaoluo Bay: Dutch East India Company defeated by Chinese Ming naval forces in southern Fujian sea.
Military history of the Netherlands