October 23rd

Madame Chiang Kai-shek died at age 105.
Soong Mei-ling
Dubrovka Theater Hostage Crisis. About 50 Chechen rebels led by Movsar Barayev took over the Dubrovka Theater in Moscow during the performance of Nord-Ost, a musical. The rebels took about 850 hostages and demanded the withdrawal of Russian troops from Chechnya. The siege lasted for about 3 days and ended after Russian security forces released a chemical gas in the theater. All of the rebels and about 170 hostages died during the siege.
Moscow theater hostage crisis
Apple announces the first iPod Player. The iPod is the world's best-selling portable media player. Already 6 years after its initial launch, Apple announced that 100 million devices had been sold. The company has been criticized for its aggressive policies forcing users to use only original batteries and preventing them from freely sharing content with others.
Swatch Announces Internet Time. The Swiss watch company invented a new unit of time called the .beat, which corresponds to 1 minute and 26.4 seconds. Under the Internet Time system, a day is divided into 1000 .beats.
Swatch Internet Time
Beirut Barracks Bombing. Two bombs exploded in front of American and French barracks during the Lebanese Civil War, killing about 300 French and American military personnel. Islamic Jihad took responsibility for the bombings.
1983 Beirut barracks bombings
US national debt hits $1 trillion.
History of United States debt ceiling
Paleontologist Elso Barghoorn announces discovery of a 3.4-billion year old one-celled fossil, the earliest life form.
President Richard Nixon agreed to turn White House tape recordings requested by the Watergate special prosecutor over to Judge John J. Sirica.
Nixon White House tapes
Jean-Paul Sartre Turns Down Nobel Prize. The French existentialist philosopher and writer published a letter in the newspaper Le Figaro to explain why he did not want to accept the Nobel Prize for Literature he had been awarded the day before on October 22. In his letter, he said he did not want to take sides in the East and West struggle of the Cold War, by accepting an award that was given out by Western institutions.
Jean-Paul Sartre
The United Nations General Assembly convened in New York for the first time.
United Nations General Assembly
During WW II, Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt.
Second Battle of El Alamein
25,000 women marched in New York City, demanding the right to vote.
Women's suffrage in the United States