October 28th

2007
Argentina Elects its First Female President. Former First Lady of Argentina, Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, won the elections with over 45% of all votes cast. She was re-elected to office again in 2011, this time with over 50% of the votes cast. Kirchner was not the first woman to serve as Argentina’s president, but she was the first one to be elected. Isabel Martínez de Perón served as the country’s head of state after her husband, President Juan Perón, died in office. When she was sworn in to replace her husband on July 1, 1974, she then became the first woman to be a president of any country to date.
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
1995
Fire Breaks Out between Two Metro Stations in Baku. Thought to be one of the deadliest subway disasters in history, the fire started as a result of old and faulty wiring. Over 300 people traveling in a train between Ulduz and Narimanov stations in Azerbaijan’s capital city were killed as smoke filled the subway tunnels.
1995 Baku Metro fire
1962
Nikita Khrushchev told the U.S. that he had ordered the dismantling of Soviet missile bases in Cuba.
Cuban Missile Crisis
1958
A new pope was elected—Pope John XXIII.
Pope John XXIII
1940
Italy invaded Greece during World War II.
Axis occupation of Greece
1938
Germany expels Polish jews. Germany expelled about 17000 Polish jews and sent them to Poland which refused to take them in.
Zbąszyń
1924
Miner M.de Bruin discovers the infant fossil skull, "Taung child" in a lime quarry in Taung, South Africa. Paleoanthropologist Raymond Dart identifies the fossil as a new hominin species, Australopithecus africanus.
Taung Child
1922
Benito Mussolini took control of the government of Italy.
Benito Mussolini
1919
US Congress Passes the Volstead Act. The act enumerated ways to enforce Prohibition. Prohibition was put in place in the country by the 18th Amendment to the Constitution. The amendment made it illegal to produce, sell, or transport alcohol in the US except for medical or religious purposes. The act was named after Andrew Volstead, the Chairman of the House Judiciary Committee who was one of the sponsors of the bill. Prohibition ended with the ratification of the 21st Amendment in December 1933.
Volstead Act
1918
Czechoslovakia Gains Independence. The Central European country had been a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire since the late 1700s. At the end of the First World War, with the end of the Empire on the horizon, nationalists under the leadership of Thomas Masaryk pushed for independence. Masaryk became the country’s first president in November 1918. On January 1, 1993, Czechoslovakia peacefully broke up into two countries – the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.
Czechoslovak declaration of independence
1904
St Louis police try a new investigation method - fingerprints.
August Vollmer
1886
The Statue of Liberty was dedicated in New York Harbor by President Grover Cleveland.
Statue of Liberty
1793
Eli Whitney applied for a patent for the cotton gin.
Cotton gin
1746
Peruvian cities of Lima and Callao demolished by earthquake, 18,000 die.
1746 Lima–Callao earthquake
1538
The first university in the New World, the Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino, is established on Hispaniola.
List of oldest universities in continuous operation
1492
Christopher Columbus discovers Cuba and claims it for Spain.
History of Cuba