China announces the end of their one-child policy after 35 years.
China's one-child policy
Hurricane Sandy hits the US's eastern coast. Hurricane Sandy, a category 2 storm by the time it made landfall in the US, hit the US's eastern coast. The estimated damage from the hurricane was $50 billion.
Delta Air Lines merged with Northwest. The merger resulted in creating world's largest airline. The merged entity took on the name of Delta Airlines, and the Northwest Airlines brand name was retired.
Delta Air Lines–Northwest Airlines merger
Bombings in Delhi. 3 separate bombings in India's capital city of Delhi a few days before the important festival of Diwali left about 60 people dead.
2005 Delhi bombings
European leaders signed the European Union's first constitution.
Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe
Oldest person to fly in space. John Glenn flew on the Discovery shuttle at the age of 77 years, making him the oldest person to fly in space.
The National Organization for Women was founded.
National Organization for Women
The Star of India and other gems were stolen from the American Museum of Natural History in New York.
Jack Roland Murphy
Israel invaded the Egyptian Sinai Peninsula during the Suez Canal crisis.
The New York Stock Exchange crashed on Black Tuesday, precipitating the Great Depression.
Wall Street Crash of 1929
The Republic of Turkey was proclaimed under Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.
American newspaperman Joseph Pulitzer died in Charleston, S.C.
Red Cross founded. Also known as the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), the Red Cross is a humanitarian institution that has been a three-time recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
Mozart's opera Don Giovanni debuted in Prague.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Prague
William Penn arrived in Pennsylvania.
William Penn Landing Site
Battle of Mbwila [Ambuila],: Portuguese forces defeat forces of the Kingdom of Kongo and decapitate King Antonio I of Kongo / Nvita a Nkanga.
Conradin, the last legitimate male heir of the German Hohenstaufen dynasty of Kings and Holy Roman Emperors, is executed with Frederick I, Margrave of Baden by Charles I of Sicily.