October 30th

2014
Sweden Recognizes Palestine. By doing so, it became the first EU country in Western Europe to recognize the State of Palestine. Yasser Arafat declared an independent Palestine on November 15, 1988. The UN General Assembly recognized it a month later.
International recognition of the State of Palestine
1974
Muhammad Ali knocked out George Foreman in the eighth round of a 15-round bout in Kinshasa, Zaire ("rumble in the jungle") to regain his world heavyweight title.
1973
The Bosporus Bridge in Istanbul, Turkey is completed, connecting the continents of Europe and Asia over the Bosporus for the first time.
Bosphorus Bridge
1961
Biggest Bomb in History is Detonated. The Soviet Union detonated Tsar Bomba or Big Ivan over the Mityushikha Bay test range on the Novaya Zemlya Island in the Arctic Circle. The 57 Megatons nuclear bomb was one-of-a-kind and the flash of light when it exploded at a height of 13,000 feet was visible over 1000 kilometers away.
Tsar Bomba
1953
Gen. George C. Marshall won the Nobel Peace Prize for originating the Marshall Plan.
Lester B. Pearson
1944
Martha Graham's ballet Appalachian Spring, with music by Aaron Copland, premiered.
Appalachian Spring
1938
Radio broadcast of The War of the Worlds, starring Orson Welles, caused nationwide panic among listeners.
The War of the Worlds (radio drama)
1917
British government gives final approval to Balfour Declaration.
Balfour Declaration
1908
First cross-country flight in Europe. French aviator Henri Farman flew from Bouy to Reims in France. The 14-mile journey took him about 20 minutes. Farman was also the co-founder of the Farman Aviation Works, an airline and engine manufacturing company.
1908 in aviation
1905
Russian Tsar Issues the October Manifesto. The manifesto, which was issued by Nicholas II, was a response to the Russian Revolution of 1905 in which there were widespread strikes and protests directed towards the government. The key features of the manifesto included the creation of an elected legislative body called Duma and universal suffrage for men. It also paved the way for a new constitution in 1906.
October Manifesto
1899
Battle of Ladysmith, Natal: Boers defeat the British, leading to the Siege of Ladysmith.
Battle of Ladysmith
1889
Bosphorous Bridge in Istanbul Opens for the First Time. Construction on the suspension bridge over the Bosphorus began in February 1970. The bridge, which connects Asia with Europe, was designed by British engineers Gilbert Roberts and William Brown.
Bosphorus Bridge
1534
English Parliament passes Act of Supremacy, making King Henry VIII head of the Church in England - a role formerly held by the Pope.
Acts of Supremacy
1340
Battle of Rio Salado Battle (or Tarifa): King Afonso IV of Portugal and King Alfonso XI of Castile defeat Sultan Abu al-Hasan 'Ali of Morocco and Yusuf I of Granada, last Marīnids invasion of Iberian Peninsula.
Siege of Algeciras (1342–44)