September 1st

A law allowing gay marriage took effect in Vermont.
Same-sex marriage in Vermont
350 people and children are killed in a massacre in Beslan, North Ossetia. Armed Chechen rebels took over 1000 people including school children at a school. The rebels demanded international recognition of an independent Chechnya. The hostage crisis lasted for 3 days and ended after Russian troops stormed the school.
Beslan school siege
The Wreck of the sunk ship Titanic is found in the North Atlantic Ocean. A French-American expedition group found the wreck, which sunk on 14 April 1912 on her first voyage from Southampton, UK, to New York City, U.S.
Wreck of the RMS Titanic
A Korean Air Lines Boeing 747 was shot down by a Soviet jet fighter after the airliner entered Soviet airspace. 269 people were killed.
Albert Speer, a close associate of Adolf Hitler who ran the Nazi war machine, died at a London hospital at age 76.
20 July plot
Pioneer 11 makes its closest approach to Saturn. The NASA built space probe was the first probe to encounter Saturn - it flew by the planet at a distance of 13,000 miles (21,000 km). After its flyby, the probe went on a trajectory to go outside the Solar System. All contacts with it were lost a few weeks later.
Pioneer 11
American Bobby Fischer won the international chess crown in Reykjavik, Iceland, defeating Boris Spassky of the Soviet Union.
World Chess Championship 1972
A coup in Libya toppled the monarchy of King Idris and brought Muammar al-Qaddafi to power.
1969 Libyan coup d'état
Life magazine publishes parts of the Old Man And The Sea. One of American author Ernest Hemingway’s best-known works, the novel tells the story of an old man and his fishing misadventures. Within a few days of the publication of the excerpt, 5 million copies of the magazine had been sold.
The Old Man and the Sea
The United States, Australia and New Zealand signed a mutual defense pact, the ANZUS treaty.
V-J Day, formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri marks the end of WW II (US date, 2nd September in Japan).
Victory over Japan Day
A federal judge in Sacramento, Calif., upheld the wartime detention of Japanese-Americans as well as Japanese nationals.
Japanese American redress and court cases
Jews living in Germany are required to wear a yellow star of David.
Yellow badge
World War II starts as Germany invades Poland by attacking the Free City of Danzig.
Invasion of Poland
A devastating earthquake struck the Japanese cities of Tokyo and Yokohama. Nearly 150,000 people were killed and more than two million left homeless.
Typhoon Vera
Passenger Pigeons become extinct. Martha, the last Passenger Pigeon known to man, died at the Cincinnati Zoo, Cincinnati, Ohio effectively making Passenger Pigeons extinct.
Passenger pigeon
Alberta and Saskatchewan became the eighth and ninth provinces of Canada.
List of premiers of Saskatchewan
Former U.S. vice president Aaron Burr was found innocent of treason.
Aaron Burr
King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years—the longest of any major European monarch.
Louis XIV of France