September 8th

The Late Show with Stephen Colbert Makes its Debut. The comedian was a correspondent for the Daily Show and the host of the Colbert Report on Comedy Central before he took over David Letterman as the host of The Late Show on CBS. The first show featured Presidential hopeful and former Governor of the state of Florida, Jeb Bush and actor George Clooney.
The Late Show with Stephen Colbert
A Senate report faulted intelligence gathering in the lead-up to the 2003 U.S. invasion of Iraq.
Senate Report on Pre-war Intelligence on Iraq
Pete Sampras won a record 14th grand slam tennis title at the U.S. Open in New York. (The record has since been broken by Roger Federer.).
Andre Agassi
Mark McGwire of the St. Louis Cardinals broke Roger Maris' record for home runs in a single season, hitting No. 62 off Chicago Cubs pitcher Steve Trachsel.
1998 Major League Baseball home run record chase
The republic of Macedonia Declares its Independence From Yugoslavia. The landlocked Balkan country became independent after a referendum for independence from Yugoslavia was approved by about 96% of the voting public.
Independence Day (Republic of Macedonia)
Oprah Winfrey Show Airs For the First Time. The widely popular daytime talk show hosted and produced by Oprah Winfrey ran for 25 years and won over 45 Daytime Emmy Awards. The topic for the first episode of the show was titled “How to Marry the Man or Woman of Your Choice”.
The Oprah Winfrey Show
President Ford Pardons Nixon. Gerald R. Ford, the 38th President of the United States, issued Proclamation 4311, which pardoned his predecessor Richard Nixon for any crimes he may have committed in his role as the U.S. President. In August 1974, Nixon had resigned from the office of the President - the only President to do so in the history of the United States, after impeachment proceedings against him were started in the House of Representatives because of his connection to the Watergate Scandal. The pardon was controversial. Many experts believe that it was a contributing factor to Ford’s inability to get elected as President 2 years later.
Pardon of Richard Nixon
Black September hijackings begin, three airliners hijacked and blown up by Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine.
Leila Khaled
Star Trek Makes its Television Debut. The popular science fiction television series created by Gene Roddenberry was about the adventures of the crew of starship USS Enterprise. The starship was commanded by Captain James T. Kirk, who was assisted by Science Officer Spock and Chief Medical Officer Dr. Leonard McCoy. The first episode of the series, which is now known as The Original Series (TOS), was called the Man Trap and aired on NBC.
Star Trek: The Original Series
Ernest Hemingway's Old Man and the Sea was published.
The Old Man and the Sea
The San Francisco Peace Treaty was signed, formally ending World War II hostilities with Japan.
Treaty of San Francisco
A 900-day siege of Leningrad by German forces began during World War II.
Siege of Leningrad
Sen. Huey P. Long, the 'Kingfish' of Louisiana politics, was shot at the state capital building in Baton Rouge. he died two days later.
Huey Long
Margaret Gorman of Washington, D.C., was crowned the first Miss America in Atlantic City, N.J.
Margaret Gorman
Galveston, Texas, was struck by a hurricane that killed about 6,000 people.
1900 Galveston hurricane
Dutch surrender colony of New Netherlands (including New York) to 300 English soldiers.
New Netherland
A Spanish expedition established the first permanent European settlement in the United States at present-day St. Augustine, Fla.
Spanish Florida
Spanish navigator Juan de Elcano returns to Spain, completing 1st circumnavigation of the globe (expedition began under Ferdinand Magellan).
Magellan–Elcano circumnavigation
Michelangelo's statue of David is unveiled in Florence.
Michelangelo's David
Battle on Kulikovo: Moscow's great monarch Dimitri beats Mongols beginning the decline of the Tatars.
Battle of Kulikovo