September 23rd

Palestinian president Mahmoud Abbas officially requests a bid for statehood at the UN Security Council.
Palestine 194
The Mars Climate Observer apparently burned up as it was about to go into orbit around the Red Planet.
Astronomy on Mars
Iraq threatened to destroy Middle East oil fields and attack Israel if other nations tried to force it from Kuwait.
Gulf War
Choreographer-director Bob Fosse died at age 60.
Bob Fosse
Former Argentine president Juan Perón returned to power.
Juan Perón
The Indo-Pakistani War comes to an end after a UN-mandated ceasefire. Also known as the Second Kashmiri War, the war was fought between India and Pakistan over the disputed territory of Kashmir.
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Nine black students who had entered Little Rock Central High School in Arkansas were forced to withdraw because of a white mob outside.
Arkansas National Guard and the integration of Central High School ...
Nixon Makes his Checkers Speech. The televised speech was made by then-Vice Presidential candidate Richard Nixon as a response to accusations of corruption and use of campaign funds for private expenses. The speech received its name due to the mention of Checkers, a dog he had received as a gift for his children. In the speech, he emphasized that he intended to keep Checkers.
Checkers speech
The 'Manhattan Project' commences, under the direction of US General Leslie Groves: its aim - to deliver an atomic bomb.
Manhattan Project
Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis, died at age 83.
Sigmund Freud
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is Founded. The Middle Eastern country was created by merging the kingdoms of Hejaz and Nejd by Ibn Saud, the king of the House of Saud. The day is celebrated as Saudi National Day in the Kingdom.
History of Saudi Arabia
Musician Ray Charles was born Ray Charles Robinson in Albany, Ga.
Ray Charles
Jazz saxophonist and composer John Coltrane was born in Hamlet, N.C.
John Coltrane
Phantom of the Opera makes its Literary Debut. The novel about a disfigured musical genius was written by French writer Gaston Leroux. It was first published as a series in the French newspaper, Le Gaulois. The novel was later adapted as a popular musical and as a film.
The Phantom of the Opera
Nintendo is Founded. The Japanese gaming company was created by entrepreneur Fusajiro Yamauchi as a card company called Nintendo Koppai, which was based in Kyoto. The company originally produced and sold playing cards called Hanafuda. The release of Donkey Kong, an arcade game in 1981, brought Nintendo to the forefront of electronic and video games industry.
American Herman Hollerith patents his mechanical tabulating machine, the beginning of data processing.
Herman Hollerith
The planet Neptune was discovered by German astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle.
Johann Gottfried Galle
Fall of Tripolitsa, Greek forces massacre 30,000 Turks during Greek War of Independence.
Massacres during the Greek War of Independence
After a three-year journey to the Pacific Northwest, the Lewis and Clark expedition returned to St. Louis.
Lewis and Clark Expedition
John Paul Jones declared "I have not yet begun to fight!" aboard the American warship Bonhomme Richard in the battle against the British man-of-war Serapis.
USS Bonhomme Richard (1765)
Concordat of Worms agreed between Pope Calixtus II and Holy Roman Emperor Henry V.
Concordat of Worms