October 3rd

52 BC
Vercingetorix, leader of the Gauls, surrenders to the Romans under Julius Caesar, ending the siege and battle of Alesia.
Battle of Alesia
2333 BC
State of Gojoseon (Modern-day Korea) founded by Dangun Wanggeom during the reign of the Chinese Emperor Yao.
O.J. Simpson found not guilty of the murder of Nicole Simpson and Ron Goldman in Los Angeles, California.
O. J. Simpson murder case
East Germany and West Germany united to become Germany, 45 years after being split into two countries at the end of World War II.
History of Germany (1945–90)
Frank Robinson was named the first African-American manager in major league baseball.
Frank Robinson
Captain Kangaroo and The Mickey Mouse Club premiered on television.
1955 in television
UK tests its first atomic bomb. Called Operation Hurricane the test was conducted near the Montebello Islands in Western Australia. The operation made the UK the third country to have nuclear weapons, the United States and the Soviet Union were the first two.
Operation Hurricane
Iraq gains independence from the United Kingdom. The West Asian country came under British control in 1920, after the end of the First World War. After taking control of the country, the British installed the deposed Syrian King Faisal I as the King of Iraq.
Kingdom of Iraq
The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes formally changed its name to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
Creation of Yugoslavia
Rebecca L. Felton became the first woman U.S. Senator when she was appointed to serve out the term of Senator Thomas E. Watson.
Rebecca Latimer Felton
President Lincoln declared the last Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day.
Thanksgiving (United States)
Edgar Allen Poe seen in public for the last time. The Baltimore, Maryland-based American poet and author, best known for his poem The Raven was found sick and delirious on the streets and taken to Washington College Hospital, where he died a few days later. He was 40 years old at the time of his death.
Death of Edgar Allan Poe
Dafydd ap Gruffydd, Prince of Gwynedd, Wales, becomes the first person executed by being hanged, drawn and quartered.
Dafydd ap Gruffydd
St. Francis of Assisi, founder of the Franciscan order, died.
St. Francis of Assisi
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