October 7th

The Federal Reserve annouced a radical plan to buy massive amounts of short-term debt, known as commercial paper, to get credit markets moving again.
Social Security debate in the United States
Anna Politkovskaya, a journalist who had chronicled Russian military abuses against civilians in Chechnya, was found shot to death in Moscow.
List of journalists killed in Russia
California governor Gray Davis was recalled and former bodybuilder and actor Arnold Schwarzenegger was elected in his place.
Arnold Schwarzenegger
U.S. and British forces launched bombing campaign against Taliban government and al-Qaeda terrorist camps in Afghanistan.
Operation Enduring Freedom
Matthew Shepard, a gay college student, was beaten, robbed and left tied to a wooden fence post outside Laramie, Wyo. He died five days later.
Matthew Shepard
Fox News broadcasts for the first time. The 24-hour news channel with the slogan Fair and Balanced was created by Australian-American businessman and media tycoon, Rupert Murdoch. Today, it is one of the most watched news channels in the United States.
History of Fox News
Palestinian gunmen hijacked the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro in the Mediterranean with more than 400 people aboard.
Timeline of the Israeli–Palestinian conflict
The musical "Cats" opened on Broadway, beginning its record run of 7,485 performances.
Cats (musical)
Egypt's parliament named Vice President Hosni Mubarak to succeed the assassinated Anwar Sadat.
Anwar Sadat
The Motion Picture Association of America adopted its film-rating system, ranging from 'G' for general audiences to 'X' for adults only.
Motion Picture Association of America film rating system
President John F. Kennedy signed the documents of ratification for a nuclear test ban treaty with Britain and the Soviet Union.
History of the United Kingdom
People on Earth Get the First Glimpse of the Dark Side of the Moon. Soviet spacecraft Luna 3 took pictures of the far side of the Moon. The images sent by the probe covered about 70% of the far side of Earth’s natural satellite and they were instrumental in helping astronomers make the first atlas of the dark side of the Moon. The far or dark side of the Moon is the side of the Moon that cannot be seen from Earth because of the way the Moon orbits around the Earth and rotate on its own axis. Due to lunar libration, people on Earth can see about 59% of the Moon over time.
Far side of the Moon
Marian Anderson became the first black singer hired by New York's Metropolitan Opera.
Mattiwilda Dobbs
The Republic of East Germany was formed.
East Germany
Auschwitz-Birkenau Sonderkommando Revolt. The short-lived rebellion was staged by prisoners who worked at a crematorium after they learned that the Nazis planned to execute most of the squad. The revolt was quickly put down, and over 450 people were killed.
KLM is formed. The official airline of the Netherlands, Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij N.V. or KLM, is the oldest airline that still operates under its original name. The first flight of the airline took place on May 17, 1920 between London and Amsterdam in a leased airplane.
Ford Motor Company institutes world's first moving assembly line for the Model T Ford.
Assembly line
Communist revolutionary Leon Trotsky was born Lev Davidovich Bronshtein in Yanovka, Ukraine.
Leon Trotsky
Cornell University was inaugurated in Ithaca, N.Y.
Cornell University
Poet-writer Edgar Allan Poe died at age 40.
Edgar Allan Poe
The Stamp Act Congress convened in New York to draw up colonial grievances against England.
Stamp Act Congress
George III of Great Britain issues Proclamation of 1763, closing lands in North America north and west of Alleghenies to white settlement.
Royal Proclamation of 1763
40 foot waves sink 20,000 small craft and kill 300,000 near Bengal, India.
Battle of Lepanto: Holy League of southern European nations destroys Ottoman fleet in significant loss off Western Greece.
Battle of Lepanto
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