October 24th

'Bloody Friday' saw many of the world's stock exchanges experienced the worst declines in their history, with drops of around 10% in most indices.
Bloody Friday
China Launches Chang'e 1. It was the first spacecraft of China’s Lunar Exploration Program, which is responsible for sending unmanned robotic space probes to the Moon and the lunar orbit in order to better understand Earth’s largest natural satellite. The space probe crashed into the lunar surface on March 2, 2009, after orbiting the Moon for over a year.
Chang'e 1
Civil rights activist Rosa Parks, 92, died.
Rosa (children's book)
The last Concordes landed in London, ending supersonic air travel.
Concorde aircraft histories
The Toronto Blue Jays became the first non-U.S. team to win the World Series.
Toronto Blue Jays
Zambian independence. The African country gained independence from British rule with the passage of the Zambia Independence Act 1964 by the UK Parliament.
Zambia Independence Act 1964
Cuban missile crisis: US blockade of Cuba begins.
Cuba–Soviet Union relations
The United Nations officially came into being as its charter took effect.
United Nations
The 40-hour work week went into effect under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938.
Fair Labor Standards Act
Nylon stockings were sold publicly for the first time, in Wilmington, Del.
The George Washington Bridge, connecting New York and New Jersey, opened to traffic.
George Washington Bridge
Coup in Brazil. President Washington Luís was deposed by the heads of the armed forces just 4 years after he came to office. The coup prevented President-elect Júlio Prestes from coming to power and the military junta instead installed Getúlio Vargas as the de facto President of the country. The coup was in part a response to the government’s “coffee with milk policy”, which allowed governance power to be alternated between the coffee producing state of São Paulo and the milk producing state of Minas Gerais. This policy led to a rebellion in some parts of the country, which in turn prompted the army to take action against the government.
Brazilian Revolution of 1930
Black Thursday, start of stock market crash, Dow Jones down 12.8%.
Last performance of Houdini. The world famous escape artist performed for the last time at the Garrick Theater in Detroit, Michigan.
Majestic Theater (Detroit, Michigan)
Anna Edson Taylor became the first person to survive going over Niagara Falls in a barrel.
Annie Edson Taylor
World's first soccer club, Sheffield F C, founded in Yorkshire, England.
Sheffield F.C.
The treaties for the Peace of Westphalia were signed, ending the Thirty Years War, ultimately destroying the Holy Roman Empire, and ushering in the modern European state system.
French–German enmity
Saif ad-Din Qutuz, third Mamluk sultan of Egypt, is assassinated by Baibars, by a fellow Mamluk leader, who seizes power for himself.
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